Year 2020, Volume 21 , Issue 2, Pages 258 - 269 2020-09-15

İşletilen ve işletilmeyen doğu ladini (Picea orientalis (L.) Link) meşcerelerindeki Ips typhographus L. saldırılarının yetişme ortamı ve meşcere özelliklerine göre değerlendirilmesi
Assesment of Ips typographus attacks in relation to site and stand characteristics in managed and unmanaged oriental spruce (Picea orientalis (L.) Link) stands

Temel SARIYILDIZ [1] , Ahmet DUMAN [2]


Bu çalışma, Doğu Ladini (Picea orientalis (L.) Link.) ormanlarındaki Ips typographus (L.) saldırısının olumsuz etkilerini azaltmada ormancılık uygulama faaliyetlerinin etkisini ve Ips typographus’un saldırısıyla ilişkili en etkili yetişme ortamı faktörlerini belirlemeyi amaçlamıştır. Çalışma alanları olarak Hatila Vadisi Milli Parkı (HVNP-işletilmeyen) ve Saçinka Orman İşletme Şefliği (SFSD-işletilen) seçilmiş ve meşcere karakteristikleri (yaş, boy, kabuk kalınlığı, sıklık, çap, kapalılık) ile toprak özellikleri (pH, organik madde-OM, tekstür ve besin elementleri) karşılaştırılmıştır. Her iki çalışma alanında, deneme parselleri, kuzey ve güney yamaçlar ile bu yamaçların üst ve alt rakımlarından alınmıştır. Genel olarak sonuçlar, HVMP alanındaki Picea orientalis meşcerelerine ilişkin yaş, kabuk kalınlığı, göğüs yüzeyi ve çapın SFSD alanındaki meşcerelerden daha yüksek, toprak pH, OM, besin elementleri, yüzde kil ve toz miktarı bakımından ise daha düşük olduğunu göstermiştir. HVNP alanında, meşcere özelliklerinden meşcere yaşı ile ağaç ölüm oranları arasında pozitif yönde anlamlı bir ilişki (r = 0.916) belirlenmiştir. Bunlara ek olarak, güney bakan meşcereler ile üst rakımlardaki meşcerelerin, kuzey bakan ve alt rakımlardaki meşcerelere göre daha fazla Ips typographus saldırısına maruz kaldığı tespit edilmiştir. Sonuç olarak, bulgular, aralama, budama ve örtü temizliği gibi ormancılık işletme faaliyetlerinin, Ips typographus’un Picea orientalis ormanlarına saldırı riskini azaltmada pozitif yönde önemli bir etkiye sahip olabileceğini göstermektedir.
This study aimed at investigating the effectiveness of management practices for reducing the negative impacts of Ips typographus L. on Oriental spruce (Picea orientalis (L.) Link.) forests, and to review the best site factor(s) associated with Ips typographus infestation. Two sites, Hatila Valley National Park (HVNP-unmanaged site) and Saçinka Forest Sub-District Directorate (SFSD-managed site) were chosen to compare the stand characteristics (mean age, height, bark thickness, basal area, stand density and tree diameter) and soil properties (pH, organic matter-OM, soil texture, and nutrients). At both sites, the sampling plots were taken from the north and south-slope aspects (NSA and SSA) and from upper and lower-slope positions (USP and LSP) on each site. In general, the results showed that in HVNP, Picea orientalis stands had higher stand age, bark thickness, basal area, and tree diameter, but lower soil pH, OM, nutrients, percent clay and silt content than those in SFSD. Among the stand characteristics, the stand age was positively correlated (r = 0.916) to the mortality rates in HVNP. Besides, Picea orientalis stands on SSA and at USP were more damaged than on NSA and at LSP. In conclusion, the results indicate that forest management practices including thinning, pruning, and cleaning can have a significant favorable influence on Picea orientalis forests to minimize the risk of Ips typographus attacks.
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Primary Language en
Subjects Forestry
Published Date Eylül
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-3451-3229
Author: Temel SARIYILDIZ (Primary Author)
Institution: BURSA TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-2712-2676
Author: Ahmet DUMAN
Institution: ARTVİN VOCATIONAL SCHOOL
Country: Turkey


Supporting Institution TUBITAK (The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey)
Project Number 106O193
Thanks This study was supported by TUBITAK (The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey) (PN:106O193).
Dates

Publication Date : September 15, 2020

Bibtex @research article { artvinofd718302, journal = {Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi}, issn = {2146-1880}, eissn = {2146-698X}, address = {}, publisher = {Artvin Çoruh University}, year = {2020}, volume = {21}, pages = {258 - 269}, doi = {10.17474/artvinofd.718302}, title = {Assesment of Ips typographus attacks in relation to site and stand characteristics in managed and unmanaged oriental spruce (Picea orientalis (L.) Link) stands}, key = {cite}, author = {Sarıyıldız, Temel and Duman, Ahmet} }
APA Sarıyıldız, T , Duman, A . (2020). Assesment of Ips typographus attacks in relation to site and stand characteristics in managed and unmanaged oriental spruce (Picea orientalis (L.) Link) stands . Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi , 21 (2) , 258-269 . DOI: 10.17474/artvinofd.718302
MLA Sarıyıldız, T , Duman, A . "Assesment of Ips typographus attacks in relation to site and stand characteristics in managed and unmanaged oriental spruce (Picea orientalis (L.) Link) stands" . Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi 21 (2020 ): 258-269 <http://ofd.artvin.edu.tr/en/pub/issue/54132/718302>
Chicago Sarıyıldız, T , Duman, A . "Assesment of Ips typographus attacks in relation to site and stand characteristics in managed and unmanaged oriental spruce (Picea orientalis (L.) Link) stands". Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi 21 (2020 ): 258-269
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Assesment of Ips typographus attacks in relation to site and stand characteristics in managed and unmanaged oriental spruce (Picea orientalis (L.) Link) stands AU - Temel Sarıyıldız , Ahmet Duman Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.17474/artvinofd.718302 DO - 10.17474/artvinofd.718302 T2 - Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 258 EP - 269 VL - 21 IS - 2 SN - 2146-1880-2146-698X M3 - doi: 10.17474/artvinofd.718302 UR - https://doi.org/10.17474/artvinofd.718302 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi Assesment of Ips typographus attacks in relation to site and stand characteristics in managed and unmanaged oriental spruce (Picea orientalis (L.) Link) stands %A Temel Sarıyıldız , Ahmet Duman %T Assesment of Ips typographus attacks in relation to site and stand characteristics in managed and unmanaged oriental spruce (Picea orientalis (L.) Link) stands %D 2020 %J Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi %P 2146-1880-2146-698X %V 21 %N 2 %R doi: 10.17474/artvinofd.718302 %U 10.17474/artvinofd.718302
ISNAD Sarıyıldız, Temel , Duman, Ahmet . "Assesment of Ips typographus attacks in relation to site and stand characteristics in managed and unmanaged oriental spruce (Picea orientalis (L.) Link) stands". Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi 21 / 2 (September 2020): 258-269 . https://doi.org/10.17474/artvinofd.718302
AMA Sarıyıldız T , Duman A . Assesment of Ips typographus attacks in relation to site and stand characteristics in managed and unmanaged oriental spruce (Picea orientalis (L.) Link) stands. AÇÜOFD. 2020; 21(2): 258-269.
Vancouver Sarıyıldız T , Duman A . Assesment of Ips typographus attacks in relation to site and stand characteristics in managed and unmanaged oriental spruce (Picea orientalis (L.) Link) stands. Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi. 2020; 21(2): 258-269.