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Achene mucilage content of six Turkish endemic Tripleurospermum (Asteraceae) taxa and its ecological significance

Year 2021, Volume 22, Issue 1, 73 - 77, 12.05.2021
https://doi.org/10.17474/artvinofd.787636

Abstract

In this study, the achene mucilage content of six Turkish endemic Tripleurospermum taxa, namely T. baytopianum E. Hossain, T. conoclinium (Boiss. & Bal.) Hayek, T. fissurale (Sosn.) E. Hossain, T. hygrophilum (Bornm.) Bornm., T. rosellum (Boiss. & Orph.) Hayek var. album E. Hossain and T. ziganaense Inceer & Hayirlioglu-Ayaz was determined by micro-staining reactions. Within the examined taxa, the mucilage cells on the achene surface are capable of forming a musilage envelope resembling a gel during hydration. The mucilage is heterogeneous and chemically contains pectin and cellulose. There are differences in the capacities of mucilage forming as well as adhesive to soil of the achenes in the studied taxa. The mucilage could have great importance in distribution and adaptation of Tripleurospermum taxa to diverse environments.

References

  • Enayet Hossain ABM (1975) Tripleurospermum Schultz Bip. In: Davis PH (ed) Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, vol 5, pp 295-311.
  • Grant GT, Mc Nab C, Rees DA, Skerrett RJ (1969) Seed mucilages as examples of polysaccharide denaturation. J Chem Soc D 14:805-806.
  • Grubert M (1974) Studies on the distribution of myxospermy among seeds and fruits of Angiospermae and its ecological importance. Acta Biol Venez 8:315-551.
  • Gorai M, Aloui WE, Yang X, Neffati M (2014) Toward understanding the ecological role of mucilage in seed germination of a desert shrub Henophyton deserti: interactive effects of temperature, salinity and osmotic stress. Plant Soil 374:727-738.
  • Huang Z, Gutterman Y (1999) Water absorption by mucilaginous achenes of Artemisia monosperma: Floating and germination as affected by salt cocentrations. Isr J Plant Sci 47:27-34.
  • Huang Z, Gutterman Y, Hu Z (2000) Structure and function of mucilagionous achenes of Artemisia monosperma inhabiting the Negev desert of Israel. Isr J Plant Sci 48:255-266.
  • Inceer H (2011) Achene slime content in some taxa of Matricaria L. (Asteraceae). Acta Bot Croat 70:109-114.
  • Inceer H, Bal M, Ceter T, Pinar NM (2012) Fruit structure of 12 Turkish endemic Tripleurospermum Sch. Bip. (Asteraceae) taxa and its taxonomic implications. Plant Syst Evol 298:845-855.
  • Kreitschitz A, Vallès J. 2007. Achene morphology and slime structure in some taxa of Artemisia L. and Neopallasia L. (Asteraceae). Flora 202:570-580.
  • Kreitschitz A, Tadele Z, Gola EM (2009) Slime cells on the surface of Eragrostis seeds maintain a level of moisture around the grain to enhance germination. Seed Sci Res 19: 27-35.
  • Oberprieler C, Vogt R, Watson LE (2007) Tribe Anthemideae Cass. In: Kadereit JW, Jeffrey C (eds) The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants, Flowering Plants, Eucots, Asterales. Springer-Verlag, Heidenberg, Berlin.
  • O’Brien TP, Mccully ME (1981) The study of plant structure principles and selected methods. Melbourne, Australia.
  • Ozbek MU, Onaylı H (2020) A new variety of the Tripleurospermum (Asteraceae) from Turkey. BioDiCon 13 (2):136-143.
  • Western TL (2012) The sticky tale of seed coat mucilages: production, genetics, and role in seed germination and dispersal. Seed Sci Res 22:1-25.

Türkiye endemiği altı Tripleurospermum (Asteraceae) taksonunun aken müsilaj içeriği ve ekolojik önemi

Year 2021, Volume 22, Issue 1, 73 - 77, 12.05.2021
https://doi.org/10.17474/artvinofd.787636

Abstract

Bu çalışmada, Türkiye endemiği altı Tripleurospermum taksonunun, T. baytopianum E. Hossain, T. conoclinium (Boiss. & Bal.) Hayek, T. fissurale (Sosn.) E. Hossain, T. hygrophilum (Bornm.) Bornm., T. rosellum (Boiss. & Orph.) Hayek var. album E. Hossain ve T. ziganaense Inceer & Hayirlioğlu-Ayaz, aken musilaj içeriği mikroboyama ile belirlenmiştir. İncelenen taksonlarda, musilaj hücreleri perikarp yüzeyinde bulunur ve hidrasyon sırasında müsilaj zarf oluşumu ile karakterize edilir. Bu taksonlardaki müsilaj kimyasal olarak pektin ve selüloz yapısındadır. İncelenen taksonlarda müsilaj oluşturma kapasitelerinin yanı sıra akenlerin toprağa yapışma kapasiteleri arasında da farklılıklar vardır. Müsilaj, Tripleurospermum taksonlarının farklı ortamlara dağılımında ve uyumunda büyük öneme sahip olabilir.

References

  • Enayet Hossain ABM (1975) Tripleurospermum Schultz Bip. In: Davis PH (ed) Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, vol 5, pp 295-311.
  • Grant GT, Mc Nab C, Rees DA, Skerrett RJ (1969) Seed mucilages as examples of polysaccharide denaturation. J Chem Soc D 14:805-806.
  • Grubert M (1974) Studies on the distribution of myxospermy among seeds and fruits of Angiospermae and its ecological importance. Acta Biol Venez 8:315-551.
  • Gorai M, Aloui WE, Yang X, Neffati M (2014) Toward understanding the ecological role of mucilage in seed germination of a desert shrub Henophyton deserti: interactive effects of temperature, salinity and osmotic stress. Plant Soil 374:727-738.
  • Huang Z, Gutterman Y (1999) Water absorption by mucilaginous achenes of Artemisia monosperma: Floating and germination as affected by salt cocentrations. Isr J Plant Sci 47:27-34.
  • Huang Z, Gutterman Y, Hu Z (2000) Structure and function of mucilagionous achenes of Artemisia monosperma inhabiting the Negev desert of Israel. Isr J Plant Sci 48:255-266.
  • Inceer H (2011) Achene slime content in some taxa of Matricaria L. (Asteraceae). Acta Bot Croat 70:109-114.
  • Inceer H, Bal M, Ceter T, Pinar NM (2012) Fruit structure of 12 Turkish endemic Tripleurospermum Sch. Bip. (Asteraceae) taxa and its taxonomic implications. Plant Syst Evol 298:845-855.
  • Kreitschitz A, Vallès J. 2007. Achene morphology and slime structure in some taxa of Artemisia L. and Neopallasia L. (Asteraceae). Flora 202:570-580.
  • Kreitschitz A, Tadele Z, Gola EM (2009) Slime cells on the surface of Eragrostis seeds maintain a level of moisture around the grain to enhance germination. Seed Sci Res 19: 27-35.
  • Oberprieler C, Vogt R, Watson LE (2007) Tribe Anthemideae Cass. In: Kadereit JW, Jeffrey C (eds) The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants, Flowering Plants, Eucots, Asterales. Springer-Verlag, Heidenberg, Berlin.
  • O’Brien TP, Mccully ME (1981) The study of plant structure principles and selected methods. Melbourne, Australia.
  • Ozbek MU, Onaylı H (2020) A new variety of the Tripleurospermum (Asteraceae) from Turkey. BioDiCon 13 (2):136-143.
  • Western TL (2012) The sticky tale of seed coat mucilages: production, genetics, and role in seed germination and dispersal. Seed Sci Res 22:1-25.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Biology
Published Date Mayıs
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Meryem USTASÜLEYMAN This is me
Karadeniz Technical University
0000-0001-7733-9107
Türkiye


Nurşen AKSU KALMUK
Karadeniz Technical University
0000-0002-3712-4002
Türkiye


Hüseyin İNCEER (Primary Author)
Karadeniz Technical University
0000-0003-1344-8747
Türkiye

Supporting Institution KTU BAP
Project Number 8681
Thanks The authors thank Dr. Faik Ahmet Ayaz, Dr. Melahat Ozcan and Murat Bal for field excursions, the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK, Project no. 106T132) for financial support in some field excursions. This research was supported by the Research Fund of Karadeniz Technical University (KTU-BAP Project No. 8681). SYNTHESYS provided the funding for the visit of the corresponding author to the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh (GB-TAF-1175).
Publication Date May 12, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 22, Issue 1

Cite

Bibtex @research article { artvinofd787636, journal = {Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi}, issn = {2146-1880}, eissn = {2146-698X}, address = {}, publisher = {Artvin Çoruh University}, year = {2021}, volume = {22}, pages = {73 - 77}, doi = {10.17474/artvinofd.787636}, title = {Achene mucilage content of six Turkish endemic Tripleurospermum (Asteraceae) taxa and its ecological significance}, key = {cite}, author = {Ustasüleyman, Meryem and Aksu Kalmuk, Nurşen and İnceer, Hüseyin} }
APA Ustasüleyman, M. , Aksu Kalmuk, N. & İnceer, H. (2021). Achene mucilage content of six Turkish endemic Tripleurospermum (Asteraceae) taxa and its ecological significance . Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi , 22 (1) , 73-77 . DOI: 10.17474/artvinofd.787636
MLA Ustasüleyman, M. , Aksu Kalmuk, N. , İnceer, H. "Achene mucilage content of six Turkish endemic Tripleurospermum (Asteraceae) taxa and its ecological significance" . Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi 22 (2021 ): 73-77 <http://ofd.artvin.edu.tr/en/pub/issue/62326/787636>
Chicago Ustasüleyman, M. , Aksu Kalmuk, N. , İnceer, H. "Achene mucilage content of six Turkish endemic Tripleurospermum (Asteraceae) taxa and its ecological significance". Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi 22 (2021 ): 73-77
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Achene mucilage content of six Turkish endemic Tripleurospermum (Asteraceae) taxa and its ecological significance AU - Meryem Ustasüleyman , Nurşen Aksu Kalmuk , Hüseyin İnceer Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.17474/artvinofd.787636 DO - 10.17474/artvinofd.787636 T2 - Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 73 EP - 77 VL - 22 IS - 1 SN - 2146-1880-2146-698X M3 - doi: 10.17474/artvinofd.787636 UR - https://doi.org/10.17474/artvinofd.787636 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Artvin Coruh University Journal of Forestry Faculty Achene mucilage content of six Turkish endemic Tripleurospermum (Asteraceae) taxa and its ecological significance %A Meryem Ustasüleyman , Nurşen Aksu Kalmuk , Hüseyin İnceer %T Achene mucilage content of six Turkish endemic Tripleurospermum (Asteraceae) taxa and its ecological significance %D 2021 %J Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi %P 2146-1880-2146-698X %V 22 %N 1 %R doi: 10.17474/artvinofd.787636 %U 10.17474/artvinofd.787636
ISNAD Ustasüleyman, Meryem , Aksu Kalmuk, Nurşen , İnceer, Hüseyin . "Achene mucilage content of six Turkish endemic Tripleurospermum (Asteraceae) taxa and its ecological significance". Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi 22 / 1 (May 2021): 73-77 . https://doi.org/10.17474/artvinofd.787636
AMA Ustasüleyman M. , Aksu Kalmuk N. , İnceer H. Achene mucilage content of six Turkish endemic Tripleurospermum (Asteraceae) taxa and its ecological significance. ACUJFF. 2021; 22(1): 73-77.
Vancouver Ustasüleyman M. , Aksu Kalmuk N. , İnceer H. Achene mucilage content of six Turkish endemic Tripleurospermum (Asteraceae) taxa and its ecological significance. Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi. 2021; 22(1): 73-77.
IEEE M. Ustasüleyman , N. Aksu Kalmuk and H. İnceer , "Achene mucilage content of six Turkish endemic Tripleurospermum (Asteraceae) taxa and its ecological significance", Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 73-77, May. 2021, doi:10.17474/artvinofd.787636
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