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Pandemi koşullarında iş sağlığı ve güvenliği önlemleri: COVID-19 uygulaması

Year 2023, Volume: 24 Issue: 2, 78 - 92, 15.10.2023
https://doi.org/10.17474/artvinofd.1241282

Abstract

Koronavirüs hastalığı (COVID-19) ilk olarak Çin'de ortaya çıktı ve kısa sürede tüm dünyaya yayıldı. 11 Mart 2020'de Dünya Sağlık Örgütü (WHO) tarafından pandemi ilan edildi. Pandemi, bir insanlık sorunudur. COVID-19’un insan sağlığı üzerinde oluşturduğu risk nedeniyle, dünya genelinde bütün üretim ve hizmet işyerleri faaliyetlerini yavaşlatmıştır. Bu gelişmeler önemli ölçüde işgücü ve üretim kayıplarına neden olmuştur. Koronavirüsün bulaşmasını önlemenin en etkili ve pratik yolu; fiziki mesafe, kişisel hijyen ve maske uygulamaları olsa da bunlar kesin çözüm oluşturmuyor. Hükümetler, kuruluşlar, işverenler ve işçiler, COVID-19 salgınıyla mücadele etmek ve işyerinde güvenlik ve sağlığı korumak için önemli sorunlarla yüzleşmektedirler. Güvenli olmayan işyeri koşulları ve uygun olmayan çalışma ilkeleri, işyerinde önemli sağlık risklerine yol açmaktadır. COVID-19, sağlık, sosyal, ekonomik, eğitim, inşaat, imalat, nakliye, ticaret gibi insanların bulunduğu her alanda olumsuz etkilere yol açmaktadır. Bu çalışmada, COVID-19’un insan sağlığı ve dolayısıyla işgücü kaybı üzerindeki olumsuz etkileri ile ilgili literatür taraması yapılarak alınabilecek koruyucu önlemler değerlendirilmiştir. COVID-19 önleyici iş sağlığı ve güvenliği (İSG) kontrol yöntemleri aşağıdaki sıraya göre değerlendirilmiştir: (1) eleme / ikame, (2) mühendislik kontrolleri, (3) organizasyonel kontroller ve (4) kişisel koruyucu donanımlar (KKD). Sağlığın korunmasının yanı sıra etkin güvenlik önlemlerine bağlı olarak kişilerde COVID-19'un yarattığı stres azalacağından sosyal yaşamlarında rahatlık ve iş yaşamlarında verimlilik artışı sağlanacaktır. Bu nedenle, hükümetler, işverenler ve işçi örgütleri üniversiteler ve sağlık kurumları ile ortak bir örgüt oluşturmak durumundadırlar.

Supporting Institution

Destek alınmamıştır

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Occupational health and safety measures in pandemic conditions: COVID-19 practice

Year 2023, Volume: 24 Issue: 2, 78 - 92, 15.10.2023
https://doi.org/10.17474/artvinofd.1241282

Abstract

The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) first appeared in China and spread globally in a short time. It was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) on March 11, 2020. Pandemics are a human problem. Due to the risk posed by COVID-19 on human health, all production and service workplaces around the world have slowed down their activities. These developments have caused significant labor and production losses. The most effective and practical way to prevent the transmission of the coronavirus; although there are physical distance, personal hygiene and mask applications, these do not constitute a definitive solution. Governments, organizations, employers and workers are facing important challenges to combat the COVID-19 pandemic and protect safety and health in the workplace. Unsafe workplace conditions and inappropriate working principles lead to significant health risks in the workplace. COVID-19 causes negative effects in all areas where people are present, such as health, social, economic, education, construction, manufacturing, transportation and trade. In this study, protective measures that can be taken are evaluated by reviewing the literature on the negative effects of COVID-19 on human health and therefore on workforce loss.
In addition to additional safety measures in the prevention of COVID-19, basic occupational health and safety (OHS) control methods were evaluated in the following order: (1) elimination / substitution, (2) engineering controls, (3) organizational controls, and (4) personal protective equipment (PPE). In addition to the protection of health, due to the effective safety measures, the stress caused by COVID-19 will decrease in people, so comfort in their social lives and productivity in their work lives will be increased. Therefore, governments, employers and workers' organizations have to form a joint organization with universities and health institutions.

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Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Environmental Sciences
Journal Section Review
Authors

Hafiz Hulusi ACAR 0000-0001-7864-1009

Kemal ÜÇÜNCÜ 0000-0002-6294-6112

Project Number Serbest araştırma - derleme
Publication Date October 15, 2023
Acceptance Date August 19, 2023
Published in Issue Year 2023Volume: 24 Issue: 2

Cite

APA ACAR, H. H., & ÜÇÜNCÜ, K. (2023). Occupational health and safety measures in pandemic conditions: COVID-19 practice. Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi, 24(2), 78-92. https://doi.org/10.17474/artvinofd.1241282
AMA ACAR HH, ÜÇÜNCÜ K. Occupational health and safety measures in pandemic conditions: COVID-19 practice. ACUJFF. October 2023;24(2):78-92. doi:10.17474/artvinofd.1241282
Chicago ACAR, Hafiz Hulusi, and Kemal ÜÇÜNCÜ. “Occupational Health and Safety Measures in Pandemic Conditions: COVID-19 Practice”. Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi 24, no. 2 (October 2023): 78-92. https://doi.org/10.17474/artvinofd.1241282.
EndNote ACAR HH, ÜÇÜNCÜ K (October 1, 2023) Occupational health and safety measures in pandemic conditions: COVID-19 practice. Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi 24 2 78–92.
IEEE H. H. ACAR and K. ÜÇÜNCÜ, “Occupational health and safety measures in pandemic conditions: COVID-19 practice”, ACUJFF, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 78–92, 2023, doi: 10.17474/artvinofd.1241282.
ISNAD ACAR, Hafiz Hulusi - ÜÇÜNCÜ, Kemal. “Occupational Health and Safety Measures in Pandemic Conditions: COVID-19 Practice”. Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi 24/2 (October 2023), 78-92. https://doi.org/10.17474/artvinofd.1241282.
JAMA ACAR HH, ÜÇÜNCÜ K. Occupational health and safety measures in pandemic conditions: COVID-19 practice. ACUJFF. 2023;24:78–92.
MLA ACAR, Hafiz Hulusi and Kemal ÜÇÜNCÜ. “Occupational Health and Safety Measures in Pandemic Conditions: COVID-19 Practice”. Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi, vol. 24, no. 2, 2023, pp. 78-92, doi:10.17474/artvinofd.1241282.
Vancouver ACAR HH, ÜÇÜNCÜ K. Occupational health and safety measures in pandemic conditions: COVID-19 practice. ACUJFF. 2023;24(2):78-92.
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