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Karacabey Kıyı Subasar Ormanlarında Kızılağaç ve Dişbudak yeşil yapraklarının biyokimyasal bileşimi üzerinde tuzlu su girişinin etkisi

Year 2023, Volume: 24 Issue: 2, 10 - 22, 15.10.2023
https://doi.org/10.17474/artvinofd.1254754

Abstract

Deniz kıyısı subasar ormanlar, deniz dalga etkisinin azaltılması, erozyon kontrolü, biyolojik çeşitlilik ve karbon tutma gibi önemli faydalar sağlamaktadır. Bu eşsiz kıyı ekosistemlerinin birçoğu çeşitli sebeplerle kurutulurken, geriye kalanları günümüzde iklim değişikliğinin etkisiyle denizden tuzlu su girişi ve deniz seviyesinin yükselmesi tehdidi altındadır. Bu çalışmada, Marmara Denizi kıyısında yer alan Karacabey subasar ormanlarının asli ağaç türleri olan kızılağaç (Alnus glutinosa L. Gaertn) ve dişbudak (Fraxinus angustifolia Vahl.) ağaçlarının yeşil yapraklarının biyokimyasal bileşimi üzerinde toprak tuzluluğu etkisinin araştırılması amaçlanmıştır. Bu amaçla ağaçların yaprakları subasar ormanların yayılış yaptığı deniz kıyısı ile iç kısım arasındaki üç zondan (Z1: 0-1 km, Z2: 1 to 2 km and Z3: 2 to 3 km) örneklenmiştir. Yaprak örnekleri üzerinde, fotosentetik pigmentler (klorofil a, klorofil b ve karotenidler), antosiyanin, ksantofiller, serbest amino asitler, toplam nitrat, prolin, toplam polifenoller, toplam çözünür tanenler, toplam fenolik bileşikler, glikoz, sukroz ve toplam karbonhidrat analizleri gerçekleştirilmiştir. Toprak örneklerinin ise pH, elektriksel iletkenlik ve tekstürü belirlenmiştir. Sonuçlar, toprak tuzluluğunun kıyı şeridinden (Z1) iç sınıra (Z3) doğru azaldığını göstermiştir. Benzer şekilde, ortalama fotosentetik pigmentler ve antosiyanin, ksantofilin de Z1'den Z3'e doğru azalırken, toplam polifenoller ve çözünür tanen konsantrasyonları her iki ağaç türü içinde artmıştır. Diğer biyokimyasal bileşikler de ağaç türlerine göre artış veya azalma göstermiştir. Bu öncül sonuçlar, kıyı subasar ormanlarının yetişme ortamı şartlarının (abiyotik veya biyotik), Kızılağaç ve Dişbudak ağaçlarının yeşil yapraklarının biyokimyasal bileşenlerinde önemli ölçüde değişikliğe neden olabileceğini göstermektedir. Bu değişiklikler ise, zaman içinde bu subasar orman ekosistemlerinin besin döngüsü, karbon döngüsü ve organik madde dönüşüm süreçlerinin değişimine neden olabilecektir.

Project Number

121O702

References

  • Akay AE, Gencal B, Taş İ (2017) Spatiotemporal change detection using landsatıimagery: the case study of Karacabey flooded forest, Bursa, Turkey. ISPRS Annals of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, Volume IV-4/W4, 4th International GeoAdvances Workshop, 14–15 October, Safranbolu, Karabuk, Turkey. Akbulut N, Tavşanoğlu UN (2018) Impacts of environmental factors on zooplankton taxonomic diversity in coastal lagoons in Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 42(1).
  • Arnon DI (1949) Copper enzymes in isolated chloroplast, Polyphenoloxidase in Beta vulgaris. Plant Physiology,24:1-10.
  • Azevedo Neto AD, Prisco JT, Gomes-Filho E (2009) Changes in soluble amino-N, soluble proteins and free amino acids in leaves and roots of salt stressed maize genotypes. J Plant Interact,4:137-144.
  • Ball M (1998) Mangrove species richness in relation to salinity and waterlogging: a case study along the Adelaide River floodplain, Northern Australia. Glob. Ecol. Biogeogr. Lett., 7:73-82.
  • Bates L, Waldern RP, Teare ID (1973) Rapid determination of free proline for water-stress studies. Plant and Soil, 39:205-207.
  • Brinson M, Malvárez A (2002) Temperate freshwater wetlands: types, status, and threats. Environmental Conservation, 29(2):115-133.
  • Bouyoucos GJ (1962) Hydrometer method improved for making particle size analysis of soils. Agronomy Journal, 54:464-465.
  • Cataldo DA, Haroon M, Schrader LE, Youngs VL (1975) Rapid colorimetric determination of nitrate in plant tissue by nitration of salicylic acid. Commun. Soil ScL Plant Anal, 6:71-86.
  • Chanwitheesuk A, Teerawutgulrag A, Rakariyatham N (2005) Screening of antioxidant activity and antioxidant compounds of some edible plants of Thailand. Food Chem, 92:491-497.
  • Deepak M, Keski-Saari S, Fauch L, Granlund L, Oksanen E, Keinänen M (2019) Leaf canopy layers affect spectral reflectance in silver birch. Remote Sensing, 11(24):2884.
  • D’Elia AH, Liles GC, Viers JH, Smart DR (2017) Deep carbon storage potential of buried floodplain soils. Sci. Rep, 7:8181.
  • Dias-Filho MB (2002) Photosynthetic light response of the C4 grasses Brachiaria brizantha and B. humidicola under shade. Scientia Agricola, 59(1):65– 68.
  • Dixon RA, Palva NL (1995) Stress-induced phenylpropanoid metabolism. Plant Cell, 7:1085-1097.
  • Estiarte M, Penuelas J (2015) Alteration of the phenology of leaf senescence and fall in winter deciduous species by climate change: effects on nutrient proficiency. Global Change Biology, 21:1005- 1017.
  • Falleh H, Ksouri R, Chaieb K, Karray-Bouraoui N, Trabelsi N, Boulaaba M, Abdelly C (2008) Phenolic composition of Cynara cardunculus L. organs, and their biological activities. C R Biol., 331(5): 372-9.
  • Hannachi S, Steppe K, Eloudi M, Mechi L, Bahrini I, Van Labeke M-C (2022) Salt stress ınduced changes in photosynthesis and metabolic profiles of one tolerant (‘Bonica’) and one sensitive (‘Black Beauty’) Eggplant Cultivars (Solanum melongena L.). Plants, 11:590.
  • Hayat S, Hayat Q, Alyemeni MN, Wani AS, Pichtel J, Ahmad A (2012) Role of proline under changing environment: a review plant signal. Behav., 7(11):1456-1466.
  • Heidari M (2012) Effects of salinity stress on growth, chlorophyll content and osmotic components of two basil (Ocimum Basilicum L.) genotypes. African Journal of Biotechnology, 11(2):379-384.
  • Hudson D, Guevara D, Yaish MW, Hannam C, Long N, Clarke JD, Bi YM, Rothstein SJ (2011) GNC and CGA1 modulate chlorophyll biosynthesis and glutamate synthase (GLU1/Fd-GOGAT) expression in Arabidopsis. PLoS One, 6:e26765.
  • Kozlowski TT (1997) Responses of woody plants to flooding and salinity. Tree Physiology, 17:13-21.
  • Ksouri R, Megdiche W, Debez A, Falleh H, Grignon C, Abdelly C (2007) Salinity effects on polyphenol content and antioxidant activities in leaves of the Halophyte Cakile Maritima. Plant Physiol. Biochem, 45:244-249.
  • Kukric ZZ, Topalic-Trivunovic LN, Kukavica BM, Matoš SB, Pavičic SS, Boroja MM, Savic AV (2012) Characterization of antioxidant and microbial activities of nettle leaves (Urtica dioica L.). Acta Periodica Technologica, 43:257-272.
  • Li X, Bellerby R, Craft C, Widney SE (2017) Coastal wetland loss, consequences, and challenges for restoration. Anthropocene Coasts, 1(1):1-15.
  • Li Y, He N, Hou J, Xu L, Liu C, Zhang J, Wang Q, Zhang X, Wu X (2018) Factors influencing leaf chlorophyll content in natural forests at the biome scale. Front. Ecol. Evol., 6:64.
  • Padmavati M, Sakthivel N, Thara KV, Reddy AR (1997) Differential sensitivity of rice pathogens to growth inhibition by flavonoids. Phytochemistry, 46(3):499-502.
  • Paludan-Müller G, Saxe H, Pedersen LB, Randrup TB (2002) Differences in salt sensitivity of four deciduous tree species to soil or airborne salt. Physiol. Plant., 114:223–230.
  • Parida AK, Das AB, Mittra B (2003) Effects of NaCl stress on the structure, pigment complex compsition and photosynthetic activity of mangrove Bruguiera parviflora chloroplasts. Photosynthetica, 41:191-200.
  • Parida AK, Das AB, Mohanty P (2004a). Defence potentials to NaCl in a mangrove, Bruguiera parviflora: differential changes of isoforms of some antioxidative enzymes. J. Plant Physiol., 161:531-542.
  • Parida AK, Das AB, Mittra B (2004b) Effects of salt on growth, ion accumulation, photosynthesis and leaf anatomy of the mangrove Bruguiera parviflora. Trees-Struct. Funct., 18:167-174.
  • Parida AK, Das AB, Mittra B (2004c) Effect of salinity on biochemical components of the mangrove, Aegiceras corniculatum. Aquatic Botany, 80:77-87.
  • Pearson D, Melon H, Ronald S (1976). Chemical Analysis of Food, 8th edition. Churchill Livingstone. pp 5-63.
  • Petrova S, Todorova K, Dakova M, Mehmed E, Nikolov B, Denev I, Stratiev M, Georgiev G, Delchev A, Stamenov S, Firkova L, Gesheva N, Kadirova D, Velcheva I (2017) Photosynthetic pigments as parameters/ındicators of tree tolerance to urban environment (Plovdiv, Bulgaria). Ecologia Balcanica, 9(1):53-62.
  • Santiago LS, Lau TS, Melcher PJ, Steele OC, Goldstein G (2000) Morphological and physiological responses of Hawaiian Hibiscus tiliaceus population to light and salinity. Int. J. Plant Sci., 161:99-106.
  • Santos I, Eyre BD, Huettel M (2012) The driving forces of porewater and groundwater flow in permeable coastal sediments: A review. Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci., 98:1-15.
  • Sariyildiz T, Aygun DÖ, Parlak S, Tani M (2022) Effects of land use types and soil depths on soil organic carbon and total nitrogen stocks of Karacabey floodplain forests in northwest Turkey. Wetlands, 42:102.
  • Sariyildiz T, Tani M (2023) Root biomass and root carbon and nitrogen stocks of Ash, Alder, and Oak stands in Karacabey floodplain forest. Forestist, 73(1):97-107.
  • Sariyildiz T, Tani M, Parlak S (2023) First assessment of root biomass and root carbon and nitrogen stocks in Turkish floodplain forests. Environ Monit Assess, 195:148.
  • Schanderl SH (1970) Methods in Food Analysis. New York: Academic Press, 709 pp.
  • Singleton VL, Orthofer R, Lamuela-Raventós RM (1999) Analysis of total phenols and other oxidation substrates and antioxidants by means of Folin-Ciocalteu reagent. Method Enzym, 299:152-178.
  • Spies JR (1957) Colorometric procedures free amino acids. Method Enzymol., 3:468-471.
  • Takemura T, Hanagata N, Sugihara K, Baba S, Karube I, Dubinsky Z (2000) Physiological and biochemical responses to salt stress in the Mangrove, Bruguiera gymnorrhiza. Aquat. Bot., 68:15-28.
  • Turfan N, Mese O (2019) Effects of air pollution on some chemical compounds of Cherry Laurel (Prunus Laurocerasus L.) in Kastamonu. Bartın Orman Fakültesi Dergisi, 21(2):486-494.
  • Turfan N, Ayan S, Yer EN, Özel HB (2019) Age-eelated changes of some chemical components in the leaves of Oriental Beech (Fagus orientalis Lipsky.). South-East Eur for, 10(2):117-124.
  • Turfan N, Savacı G, Sarıyıldız T (2018) Effects of ıron-steel factory and dense traffic on leaf chemical compounds of six tree species in Turkey. Kastamonu Orman Fakültesi Dergisi, 18(3):253-271.
  • Turfan N, Savacı G, Sarıyıldız T (2020) Variation in chemical compounds of Walnut Tree Leaves (Juglans regia L.) with Tree Age. Artvin Orman Fakültesi Dergisi, 21(1):124-134.
  • White EE, Ury EA, Bernhardt ES (2022) Climate change driving widespread loss of coastal forested wetlands throughout the north American coastal plain. Ecosystems, 25:812–827.
  • Witham FH, Blaydes DF, Devlin RM (1971) Experiments in Plant Physiology. pp 55-56. Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York.
  • Xu C, Zhang Y, Zhu L, Huang Y, Lu J (2011) Influence of growing season on phenolic compounds and antioxidant properties of grape berries from vines grown in subtropical climate. J. Agric. Food Chem., 59:1078–1086.

Effects of salt water intrusion on biochemical components of Alder and Ash tree fresh leaves in Karacabey Coastal Forested Wetland

Year 2023, Volume: 24 Issue: 2, 10 - 22, 15.10.2023
https://doi.org/10.17474/artvinofd.1254754

Abstract

Coastal forested wetlands provide substantial benefits to society, such as wave attenuation, erosion control, biodiversity support, and carbon sequestration. Many of these unique coastal ecosystems have been drained for various reasons, while those that remain are now threatened by salt water intrusion and sea level rise due to climate change. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of soil salinity on the biochemical components of the fresh leaves of alder (Alnus glutinosa L. Gaertn) and ash tree (Fraxinus angustifolia Vahl.) which are the dominant tree species in Karacabey coastal forested wetland next to the Sea of Marmara in Türkiye. For this purpose, fresh leaf and soil samples of alder and ash trees were collected from three zones (Z1: 0-1 km, Z2: 1 to 2 km and Z3: 2 to 3 km) from the inner border (Z3) of the forested wetland to the coastline (Z1) of the Sea of Marmara. The fresh leaf samples were analyzed for photosynthetic pigments (chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b and carotenoids), anthocyanin, xanthophylls, free amino acids, total nitrate, proline, total polyphenols, total soluble tannins, total phenolic compounds, glucose, sucrose and total carbohydrates. The soil samples were analyzed for soil pH, electrical conductivity and soil texture. The results showed that the soil salinity decreased from the coastline (Z1) towards the inner border (Z3). Similarly, mean photosynthetic pigments and anthocyanin, xanthophyll also decreased from the Z1 towards Z3, whereas mean total polyphenols and total soluble tannin concentrations increased for the both tree species. The other biochemical compounds showed either an increase or a decrease according to the tree species. These pioneer results illustrate the important point that biotic or abiotic environment in which tree grows significantly change the specific biochemical components in the fresh leaves of alder and ash trees in the coastal forested wetlands. In turn, these changes may result in variation in nutrient cycling, carbon cycling, and organic matter turnover rates in these forest ecosystems.

Supporting Institution

TÜBİTAK 1001

Project Number

121O702

Thanks

The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK) (Project no:121O702) for its financial support to carry out this research. General Directorate of Forestry, Department of International Relations, Education and Research for granting permission to work in Karacabey Coastal Forested Wetlands.

References

  • Akay AE, Gencal B, Taş İ (2017) Spatiotemporal change detection using landsatıimagery: the case study of Karacabey flooded forest, Bursa, Turkey. ISPRS Annals of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, Volume IV-4/W4, 4th International GeoAdvances Workshop, 14–15 October, Safranbolu, Karabuk, Turkey. Akbulut N, Tavşanoğlu UN (2018) Impacts of environmental factors on zooplankton taxonomic diversity in coastal lagoons in Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 42(1).
  • Arnon DI (1949) Copper enzymes in isolated chloroplast, Polyphenoloxidase in Beta vulgaris. Plant Physiology,24:1-10.
  • Azevedo Neto AD, Prisco JT, Gomes-Filho E (2009) Changes in soluble amino-N, soluble proteins and free amino acids in leaves and roots of salt stressed maize genotypes. J Plant Interact,4:137-144.
  • Ball M (1998) Mangrove species richness in relation to salinity and waterlogging: a case study along the Adelaide River floodplain, Northern Australia. Glob. Ecol. Biogeogr. Lett., 7:73-82.
  • Bates L, Waldern RP, Teare ID (1973) Rapid determination of free proline for water-stress studies. Plant and Soil, 39:205-207.
  • Brinson M, Malvárez A (2002) Temperate freshwater wetlands: types, status, and threats. Environmental Conservation, 29(2):115-133.
  • Bouyoucos GJ (1962) Hydrometer method improved for making particle size analysis of soils. Agronomy Journal, 54:464-465.
  • Cataldo DA, Haroon M, Schrader LE, Youngs VL (1975) Rapid colorimetric determination of nitrate in plant tissue by nitration of salicylic acid. Commun. Soil ScL Plant Anal, 6:71-86.
  • Chanwitheesuk A, Teerawutgulrag A, Rakariyatham N (2005) Screening of antioxidant activity and antioxidant compounds of some edible plants of Thailand. Food Chem, 92:491-497.
  • Deepak M, Keski-Saari S, Fauch L, Granlund L, Oksanen E, Keinänen M (2019) Leaf canopy layers affect spectral reflectance in silver birch. Remote Sensing, 11(24):2884.
  • D’Elia AH, Liles GC, Viers JH, Smart DR (2017) Deep carbon storage potential of buried floodplain soils. Sci. Rep, 7:8181.
  • Dias-Filho MB (2002) Photosynthetic light response of the C4 grasses Brachiaria brizantha and B. humidicola under shade. Scientia Agricola, 59(1):65– 68.
  • Dixon RA, Palva NL (1995) Stress-induced phenylpropanoid metabolism. Plant Cell, 7:1085-1097.
  • Estiarte M, Penuelas J (2015) Alteration of the phenology of leaf senescence and fall in winter deciduous species by climate change: effects on nutrient proficiency. Global Change Biology, 21:1005- 1017.
  • Falleh H, Ksouri R, Chaieb K, Karray-Bouraoui N, Trabelsi N, Boulaaba M, Abdelly C (2008) Phenolic composition of Cynara cardunculus L. organs, and their biological activities. C R Biol., 331(5): 372-9.
  • Hannachi S, Steppe K, Eloudi M, Mechi L, Bahrini I, Van Labeke M-C (2022) Salt stress ınduced changes in photosynthesis and metabolic profiles of one tolerant (‘Bonica’) and one sensitive (‘Black Beauty’) Eggplant Cultivars (Solanum melongena L.). Plants, 11:590.
  • Hayat S, Hayat Q, Alyemeni MN, Wani AS, Pichtel J, Ahmad A (2012) Role of proline under changing environment: a review plant signal. Behav., 7(11):1456-1466.
  • Heidari M (2012) Effects of salinity stress on growth, chlorophyll content and osmotic components of two basil (Ocimum Basilicum L.) genotypes. African Journal of Biotechnology, 11(2):379-384.
  • Hudson D, Guevara D, Yaish MW, Hannam C, Long N, Clarke JD, Bi YM, Rothstein SJ (2011) GNC and CGA1 modulate chlorophyll biosynthesis and glutamate synthase (GLU1/Fd-GOGAT) expression in Arabidopsis. PLoS One, 6:e26765.
  • Kozlowski TT (1997) Responses of woody plants to flooding and salinity. Tree Physiology, 17:13-21.
  • Ksouri R, Megdiche W, Debez A, Falleh H, Grignon C, Abdelly C (2007) Salinity effects on polyphenol content and antioxidant activities in leaves of the Halophyte Cakile Maritima. Plant Physiol. Biochem, 45:244-249.
  • Kukric ZZ, Topalic-Trivunovic LN, Kukavica BM, Matoš SB, Pavičic SS, Boroja MM, Savic AV (2012) Characterization of antioxidant and microbial activities of nettle leaves (Urtica dioica L.). Acta Periodica Technologica, 43:257-272.
  • Li X, Bellerby R, Craft C, Widney SE (2017) Coastal wetland loss, consequences, and challenges for restoration. Anthropocene Coasts, 1(1):1-15.
  • Li Y, He N, Hou J, Xu L, Liu C, Zhang J, Wang Q, Zhang X, Wu X (2018) Factors influencing leaf chlorophyll content in natural forests at the biome scale. Front. Ecol. Evol., 6:64.
  • Padmavati M, Sakthivel N, Thara KV, Reddy AR (1997) Differential sensitivity of rice pathogens to growth inhibition by flavonoids. Phytochemistry, 46(3):499-502.
  • Paludan-Müller G, Saxe H, Pedersen LB, Randrup TB (2002) Differences in salt sensitivity of four deciduous tree species to soil or airborne salt. Physiol. Plant., 114:223–230.
  • Parida AK, Das AB, Mittra B (2003) Effects of NaCl stress on the structure, pigment complex compsition and photosynthetic activity of mangrove Bruguiera parviflora chloroplasts. Photosynthetica, 41:191-200.
  • Parida AK, Das AB, Mohanty P (2004a). Defence potentials to NaCl in a mangrove, Bruguiera parviflora: differential changes of isoforms of some antioxidative enzymes. J. Plant Physiol., 161:531-542.
  • Parida AK, Das AB, Mittra B (2004b) Effects of salt on growth, ion accumulation, photosynthesis and leaf anatomy of the mangrove Bruguiera parviflora. Trees-Struct. Funct., 18:167-174.
  • Parida AK, Das AB, Mittra B (2004c) Effect of salinity on biochemical components of the mangrove, Aegiceras corniculatum. Aquatic Botany, 80:77-87.
  • Pearson D, Melon H, Ronald S (1976). Chemical Analysis of Food, 8th edition. Churchill Livingstone. pp 5-63.
  • Petrova S, Todorova K, Dakova M, Mehmed E, Nikolov B, Denev I, Stratiev M, Georgiev G, Delchev A, Stamenov S, Firkova L, Gesheva N, Kadirova D, Velcheva I (2017) Photosynthetic pigments as parameters/ındicators of tree tolerance to urban environment (Plovdiv, Bulgaria). Ecologia Balcanica, 9(1):53-62.
  • Santiago LS, Lau TS, Melcher PJ, Steele OC, Goldstein G (2000) Morphological and physiological responses of Hawaiian Hibiscus tiliaceus population to light and salinity. Int. J. Plant Sci., 161:99-106.
  • Santos I, Eyre BD, Huettel M (2012) The driving forces of porewater and groundwater flow in permeable coastal sediments: A review. Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci., 98:1-15.
  • Sariyildiz T, Aygun DÖ, Parlak S, Tani M (2022) Effects of land use types and soil depths on soil organic carbon and total nitrogen stocks of Karacabey floodplain forests in northwest Turkey. Wetlands, 42:102.
  • Sariyildiz T, Tani M (2023) Root biomass and root carbon and nitrogen stocks of Ash, Alder, and Oak stands in Karacabey floodplain forest. Forestist, 73(1):97-107.
  • Sariyildiz T, Tani M, Parlak S (2023) First assessment of root biomass and root carbon and nitrogen stocks in Turkish floodplain forests. Environ Monit Assess, 195:148.
  • Schanderl SH (1970) Methods in Food Analysis. New York: Academic Press, 709 pp.
  • Singleton VL, Orthofer R, Lamuela-Raventós RM (1999) Analysis of total phenols and other oxidation substrates and antioxidants by means of Folin-Ciocalteu reagent. Method Enzym, 299:152-178.
  • Spies JR (1957) Colorometric procedures free amino acids. Method Enzymol., 3:468-471.
  • Takemura T, Hanagata N, Sugihara K, Baba S, Karube I, Dubinsky Z (2000) Physiological and biochemical responses to salt stress in the Mangrove, Bruguiera gymnorrhiza. Aquat. Bot., 68:15-28.
  • Turfan N, Mese O (2019) Effects of air pollution on some chemical compounds of Cherry Laurel (Prunus Laurocerasus L.) in Kastamonu. Bartın Orman Fakültesi Dergisi, 21(2):486-494.
  • Turfan N, Ayan S, Yer EN, Özel HB (2019) Age-eelated changes of some chemical components in the leaves of Oriental Beech (Fagus orientalis Lipsky.). South-East Eur for, 10(2):117-124.
  • Turfan N, Savacı G, Sarıyıldız T (2018) Effects of ıron-steel factory and dense traffic on leaf chemical compounds of six tree species in Turkey. Kastamonu Orman Fakültesi Dergisi, 18(3):253-271.
  • Turfan N, Savacı G, Sarıyıldız T (2020) Variation in chemical compounds of Walnut Tree Leaves (Juglans regia L.) with Tree Age. Artvin Orman Fakültesi Dergisi, 21(1):124-134.
  • White EE, Ury EA, Bernhardt ES (2022) Climate change driving widespread loss of coastal forested wetlands throughout the north American coastal plain. Ecosystems, 25:812–827.
  • Witham FH, Blaydes DF, Devlin RM (1971) Experiments in Plant Physiology. pp 55-56. Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York.
  • Xu C, Zhang Y, Zhu L, Huang Y, Lu J (2011) Influence of growing season on phenolic compounds and antioxidant properties of grape berries from vines grown in subtropical climate. J. Agric. Food Chem., 59:1078–1086.
There are 48 citations in total.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Forest Industry Engineering
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Temel Sarıyıldız 0000-0003-3451-3229

Raghad Sami Sahib Mohammed Ali 0000-0002-4196-5648

Project Number 121O702
Publication Date October 15, 2023
Acceptance Date May 29, 2023
Published in Issue Year 2023Volume: 24 Issue: 2

Cite

APA Sarıyıldız, T., & Mohammed Ali, R. S. S. (2023). Effects of salt water intrusion on biochemical components of Alder and Ash tree fresh leaves in Karacabey Coastal Forested Wetland. Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi, 24(2), 10-22. https://doi.org/10.17474/artvinofd.1254754
AMA Sarıyıldız T, Mohammed Ali RSS. Effects of salt water intrusion on biochemical components of Alder and Ash tree fresh leaves in Karacabey Coastal Forested Wetland. ACUJFF. October 2023;24(2):10-22. doi:10.17474/artvinofd.1254754
Chicago Sarıyıldız, Temel, and Raghad Sami Sahib Mohammed Ali. “Effects of Salt Water Intrusion on Biochemical Components of Alder and Ash Tree Fresh Leaves in Karacabey Coastal Forested Wetland”. Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi 24, no. 2 (October 2023): 10-22. https://doi.org/10.17474/artvinofd.1254754.
EndNote Sarıyıldız T, Mohammed Ali RSS (October 1, 2023) Effects of salt water intrusion on biochemical components of Alder and Ash tree fresh leaves in Karacabey Coastal Forested Wetland. Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi 24 2 10–22.
IEEE T. Sarıyıldız and R. S. S. Mohammed Ali, “Effects of salt water intrusion on biochemical components of Alder and Ash tree fresh leaves in Karacabey Coastal Forested Wetland”, ACUJFF, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 10–22, 2023, doi: 10.17474/artvinofd.1254754.
ISNAD Sarıyıldız, Temel - Mohammed Ali, Raghad Sami Sahib. “Effects of Salt Water Intrusion on Biochemical Components of Alder and Ash Tree Fresh Leaves in Karacabey Coastal Forested Wetland”. Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi 24/2 (October 2023), 10-22. https://doi.org/10.17474/artvinofd.1254754.
JAMA Sarıyıldız T, Mohammed Ali RSS. Effects of salt water intrusion on biochemical components of Alder and Ash tree fresh leaves in Karacabey Coastal Forested Wetland. ACUJFF. 2023;24:10–22.
MLA Sarıyıldız, Temel and Raghad Sami Sahib Mohammed Ali. “Effects of Salt Water Intrusion on Biochemical Components of Alder and Ash Tree Fresh Leaves in Karacabey Coastal Forested Wetland”. Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi, vol. 24, no. 2, 2023, pp. 10-22, doi:10.17474/artvinofd.1254754.
Vancouver Sarıyıldız T, Mohammed Ali RSS. Effects of salt water intrusion on biochemical components of Alder and Ash tree fresh leaves in Karacabey Coastal Forested Wetland. ACUJFF. 2023;24(2):10-22.
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