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Spatiotemporal changes of carbon storage in Çaltepe Forest Planning Unit

Year 2023, Volume: 24 Issue: 2, 224 - 233, 15.10.2023
https://doi.org/10.17474/artvinofd.1362794

Abstract

Forest ecosystems play a crucial role in mitigating climate change as they are the largest carbon sinks. The objective of this study was to reveal the potential effects of forest dynamics on carbon sequestration and to contribute to planning studies. In this study, the changes in biomass and carbon storage areas in the 1999 and 2014 planning periods of the Çaltepe Forest Planning Unit. This calculation was carried out using widely accepted guidelines and coefficients, and the spatial distribution of biomass and C storage was mapped using GIS. As a result, the total biomass of the forested area increased by 53.42% in the period 1999-2014, from 781039.2 Mg to 1198263.51 Mg. On the other hand, the total amount of carbon storage increased from 1146019.35 Mg to 1448400.56 Mg in the period 1999-2014, an increase of about 26.39%. The contributions to the carbon (C) pool came from soil organic carbon with 60.12% and 53.28% of total C storage; from aboveground with 26.64% and 32.38%; from belowground with 7.66% and 9.27%; from litter with 5.33% and 4.77%; and from deadwood with 0.25% and 0.30% in 1999 and 2014, respectively. The average annual C sequestration was 1.95 Mg ha-1 yr-1, of which 1.06 Mg ha-1 yr-1 occurred in aboveground, 0.53 Mg ha-1 yr-1 in soil, 0.3 Mg ha-1 yr-1 in belowground, 0.05 Mg ha-1 yr-1 in litter and 0.01 Mg ha-1 yr-1 in deadwood. Results have shown that; to increase the amount of biomass and carbon sequestration capacity in forest areas, it is necessary to increase maintenance activities, select appropriate species in afforestation areas, and ensure sustainable carbon management by reducing social pressure on forests. As long as the sustainability of carbon pools on land is ensured, the effects of climate change will be mitigated.

References

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Çaltepe Orman Planlama Birimindeki karbon depolamasının zamansal ve konumsal değişimi

Year 2023, Volume: 24 Issue: 2, 224 - 233, 15.10.2023
https://doi.org/10.17474/artvinofd.1362794

Abstract

Orman ekosistemleri, en büyük karbon yutakları olmaları nedeniyle iklim değişikliğinin azaltılmasında önemli bir paya sahiptirler. Bu çalışmada amaç, orman dinamiklerinin karbon birikimi üzerindeki potansiyel etkilerini ortaya koymak ve planlama çalışmalarına katkıda bulunmaktır. Bu çalışmada Çaltepe Orman Planlama Birimi'nin, 1999-2014 yılları arasında biyokütle ve karbon depolama alanlarındaki değişimleri analiz edilmiştir. İlgili hesaplamalar, yaygın olarak kabul edilen kılavuzlar ve katsayılar kullanılarak yapılmış, biyokütle ve C depolamanın zamansal ve konumsal dağılımı CBS kullanılarak haritalanmıştır. Sonuç olarak, 1999-2014 döneminde ormanlık alanın toplam biyokütlesi %53.42 oranında artarak 781039.2 megaramdan (tondan) 1198263.51 megagrama (tona) yükselmiştir. Diğer taraftan, 1999-2014 döneminde toplam karbon depolama miktarı, yaklaşık %26.9 oranında artışla, 1146019.35 Mg'dan 1448400.56 Mg'a yükselmiştir. 1999 ve 2014 yıllarında C havuzuna katkı sırasıyla %60.12 ve %53.28 ile toprak organik karbonundan, %26.64 ve %32.38 ile toprak üstünden, %7.66 ve %9.27 ile toprak altından, %5.33 ve %4.77 ile ölü örtüden ve %0.25 ölü örtüden ve %0.30 ile ölü odundan gelmiştir. 1.06 Mg ha-1 yıl-1'ı toprak üstü, 0.53 Mg ha-1 yıl-1'ı toprak, 0.3 Mg ha-1 yıl-1'ı toprak altı, 0.05 Mg ha-1 yıl-1'ı ölü örtü ve 0.01 ha-1 yıl-1'ı ölü odun karbonu olmak üzere, araştırma alanının yıllık ortalama C tutulumu 1.95 Mg ha-1 yıl-1 olarak hesaplanmıştır. Sonuçlar göstermiştir ki; orman alanlarında biyokütle miktarını ve karbon tutma kapasitesini artırmak için bakım faaliyetlerinin artırılması, ağaçlandırmada uygun türlerin seçilmesi ve ormanlar üzerindeki sosyal baskının azaltılarak, sürdürülebilir karbon yönetiminin sağlanması gerekmektedir. Karasal alanlardaki karbon havuzlarının sürdürülebilirliği sağlandığı sürece iklim değişikliğinin etkileri de azaltılmış olacaktır.

References

  • Asan Ü (1995) Global iklim değişimi ve Türkiye ormanlarında karbon birikimi. İstanbul University Journal of the Faculty of Forestry, 45(1-2):23-38.
  • Başkent EZ (2022) Orman ekosistemlerinde karbon dinamiğinin temel bileşenleri ve planlamadaki yeri. ArtGRID-Journal of Architecture Engineering and Fine Arts, 4(1): 1-15.
  • Bhatti J, Apps M, Jiang H (2002) Influence of nutrients, disturbances and site conditions on carbon stocks along a boreal forest transect in central Canada. Plant Soil, 242:1-14.
  • Bulut A (2012) Carbon stock change between 1970 and 2009 ın mixed fir forests (a case Study-Saraycık Forest Management chiefdom). Kastamonu University Journal of Forestry Faculty, 12(31): 203-207.
  • Chen LC, Guan X, Li Hİ, Wang QK, Zhang WD, Yang QP, Wang SL (2019) Spatiotemporal patterns of carbon storage in forest ecosystems in hunan province, China. Forest Ecology and Management, 432: 656-666.
  • Cui G, Chen Y, Cao Y (2015) Temporal-spatial pattern of carbon stocks in forest ecosystems in Shaanxi, Northwest China. PLoS One, 10(9): e0137452.
  • Değermenci AS (2023) Düzce ili karasal karbon kapasitesinin belirlenmesi. Düzce Üniversitesi Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi, 11(1): 99-110.
  • Değermenci AS, Zengin H (2016) Ormanlardaki karbon birikiminin konumsal ve zamansal değişiminin incelenmesi: Daday Planlama Birimi Örneği. Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi, 17(2): 177-187.
  • Dinç M, Vatandaşlar C (2019) Analyzing carbon stocks in a Mediterranean forest enterprise: a case study from Kızıldağ, Turkey. Cerne, 25: 402-414.
  • Dixon RK, Solomon AM, Brown S (1994) Carbon pools and flux of global forest ecosystems. Science, 263:185–191.
  • Domke GM, Perry CH, Walters BF, Woodall CW, Russell MB, Smith JE (2016) Estimating litter carbon stocks on forest land in the United States. Sci Total Environ., 557–558:469–478.
  • Domke GM, Perry CH, Walters BF, Nave LE, Woodall CW, Swanston CW (2017) Toward inventory-based estimates of soil organic carbon in forests of the United States. Ecol Appl, 27:1223–1235.
  • Durkaya B, Durkaya A, Kocaman M (2017) Karbon stok değişimi: Bolu Sarıalan İşletme Şefliği. Bartın Orman Fakültesi Dergisi, 19(1):268-275.
  • Fang JY, Wang MG, Liu GH, Xu SL (1998) Forest biomass of China: an estimate based on the biomass-volume relationship. Ecol Appl, 8:1084.
  • Fang JY, Chen AP, Peng CH, Zhao SQ, Ci LJ (2001) Changes in forest biomass carbon storage in China between 1949 and 1998. Science 292(5525):2320–2.
  • FAO (2011) State of the world’s forests 2011, Rome, p 179.
  • FAO (2015) Global forest resources assessment 2015-how are the world’s forests changing? 2nd edn, Rome, p 54.
  • Filipchuk A, Moiseev B, Malysheva N, Strakhov V (2018) Russian forests: a new approach to the assessment of carbon stocks and sequestration capacity. Environ Dev 26:68–75.
  • FRA (2010) Global Forest Resources Assessment 2010, Country Report; Turkey. Rome.
  • Günlü A, Göl C, Sarıçam F (2019) Toprak üstü meşcere karbonunun zamansal ve konumsal değişiminin değerlendirilmesi: Yukarı Göksu Nehri Havzası Örneği. Turkish Journal of Forestry, 20(4):352-359.
  • Herold M, Carter S, Avitabile V, Espejo AB, Jonckheere I, Lucas R, ... & De Sy, V (2019) The role and need for space-based forest biomass-related measurements in environmental management and policy. Surveys in Geophysics, 40(4): 757-778.
  • Hui D, Deng Q, Hanqin T, Luo T, (2017) Climate change and carbon sequestration in forest ecosystems. Handbook of Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation, 555:584.
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  • IPCC (2019) 2019 Refinement to the 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories: Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use (Japan: IGES) vol 4, ed D Blain et al p 68.
  • Kadıoğulları AI, Karahalil U (2013) Spatiotemporal change of carbon storage in forest biomass: A case study in Köprülü Canyon National Park. Journal of Forestry Faculty of Kastamonu University, 13(1):1-14.
  • Krankina O, Harmon M, Winjum J (1996) Carbon storage and sequestration in the Russian forest sector. Ambio, 25:284–289.
  • Kuuluvainen T, Gauthier S (2018) Young and old forest in the boreal: critical stages of ecosystem dynamics and management under global change. For Ecosyst, 5:26.
  • Lal R (2005) Forest soils and carbon sequestration. Forest Ecol Manag, 220:242-258.
  • Lindquist EJ, D'Annunzio, R, Gerrand A, MacDicken K, Achard F, Beuchle R, ... & Stibig HJ (2012) Global Forest Land-Use Change 1990-2005 (No. 169). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
  • Liu J, Chen JM, Cihlar J, Park WM (1997) A process-based boreal ecosystem productivity simulator using remote sensing inputs. Remote Sens Environ, 62:158–175.
  • Liu H, Fu Y, Pan J, Wang G, Hu K (2023) Biomass spatial pattern and driving factors of different vegetation types of public welfare forests in Hunan Province. Forests, 14(5):1061.
  • Mumcu Küçüker D (2020a) Impacts of socio-economic factors on carbon dynamics in Black Sea Forests: a case study from Akçaabat Forest Planning Unit. Karadeniz Araştırmaları Enstitüsü Dergisi, 6(9): 121-140.
  • Mumcu Küçüker D (2020b). Spatiotemporal changes of carbon storage in forest carbon pools of Western Turkey: 1972–2016. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 192(8):555.
  • Mumcu Küçüker DM, Tuyoglu O (2022) Spatiotemporal patterns and driving factors of carbon dynamics in forest ecosystems: A case study from Turkey. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management, 18(1): 209-223.
  • Nabuurs GJ, Hengeveld GM, Werf DC (2010) European forest carbon balance assessed with inventory based methods-an introduction to a special section. For Ecol Manag, 260:239–240.
  • Neumann M, Moreno A, Mues V, Härkönen S, Mura M, Bouriaud O, Lang M, Achten WMJ, Thivolle-Cazat A, Bronisz K, Merganič J, Decuyper M, Alberdi I, Astrup R, Mohren F, Hasenauer H (2016) Comparison of carbon estimation methods for European forests. Forest Ecol Manag, 361:397–420.
  • Pan Y, Birdsey RA, Phillips OL, Jackson, RB (2013) The structure, distribution, and biomass of the world's forests. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 44 (1): 593-622.
  • Ren H, Li L, Liu Q, Wang X, Li Y, Hui D, Jian S, Wang J, Yang H, Lu H, Zhou G, Tang X, Zhang Q, Wang D, Yuan L, Chen X (2014) Spatial and temporal patterns of carbon storage in forest ecosystems on Hainan Island, Southern China. PLoS One, 9(9):e108163.
  • Rodríguez Martín JA, Álvaro-Fuentes J, Gonzalo J, Gil C, Ramos-Miras JJ, Grau Corbí JM, Boluda R (2016) Assessment of the soil organic carbon stock in Spain. Geoderma, 264:117–125.
  • Rozendaal DM, Requena Suarez D, De Sy, Avitabile V, Carter S, Adou Yao CY, ... & Herold M (2022) Aboveground forest biomass varies across continents, ecological zones, and successional stages: refined IPCC default values for tropical and subtropical forests. Environmental Research Letters, 17(1):014047.
  • Sage LK, Smith CT, Kurz W, Thiffault E, Paré D, Bernier P (2019) Empirical and predicted boreal forest carbon pools following stem-only harvesting in Quebec, Canada. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 83(s1).
  • Seki M, Sakıcı OE, Büyükterzi M, Sağlam F (2017) Temporal changes in carbon stock of Taşköprü Forest Enterprise forests. In Proceeding in International Taşköprü Pompeiopolis Science Culture Research Symposium (pp. 10-12).
  • Seki M, Atar D (2021) Temporal and spatial change of carbon storage in Alara Forest Planning Unit. Kastamonu University Journal of Forestry Faculty, 21(3):208-217.
  • Sivrikaya F, Keleş S, Çakir G (2007) Spatial distribution and temporal change of carbon storage in timber biomass of two different forest management units. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 132(1-3):429-438.
  • Sivrikaya F, Bozali N (2012) Karbon depolama kapasitesinin belirlenmesi: Türkoğlu Planlama Birimi Örneği. Bartın Orman Fakültesi Dergisi, 14 (1.Special Issue):69-76.
  • Sivrikaya F, Baskent EZ, Bozali N (2013) Spatial dynamics of carbon storage: a case study from Turkey. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 185(11):9403-9412.
  • Sun W, Liu X (2020) Review on carbon storage estimation of forest ecosystem and applications in China. Forest Ecosystems, 7(1):1-14.
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There are 61 citations in total.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Forestry Biomass and Bioproducts, Forest Ecosystems, Forestry Management and Environment
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Durmus Ali Celik 0000-0002-8568-4303

Abdurrahman Şahin 0000-0002-9435-9844

Publication Date October 15, 2023
Acceptance Date October 6, 2023
Published in Issue Year 2023Volume: 24 Issue: 2

Cite

APA Celik, D. A., & Şahin, A. (2023). Spatiotemporal changes of carbon storage in Çaltepe Forest Planning Unit. Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi, 24(2), 224-233. https://doi.org/10.17474/artvinofd.1362794
AMA Celik DA, Şahin A. Spatiotemporal changes of carbon storage in Çaltepe Forest Planning Unit. ACUJFF. October 2023;24(2):224-233. doi:10.17474/artvinofd.1362794
Chicago Celik, Durmus Ali, and Abdurrahman Şahin. “Spatiotemporal Changes of Carbon Storage in Çaltepe Forest Planning Unit”. Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi 24, no. 2 (October 2023): 224-33. https://doi.org/10.17474/artvinofd.1362794.
EndNote Celik DA, Şahin A (October 1, 2023) Spatiotemporal changes of carbon storage in Çaltepe Forest Planning Unit. Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi 24 2 224–233.
IEEE D. A. Celik and A. Şahin, “Spatiotemporal changes of carbon storage in Çaltepe Forest Planning Unit”, ACUJFF, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 224–233, 2023, doi: 10.17474/artvinofd.1362794.
ISNAD Celik, Durmus Ali - Şahin, Abdurrahman. “Spatiotemporal Changes of Carbon Storage in Çaltepe Forest Planning Unit”. Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi 24/2 (October 2023), 224-233. https://doi.org/10.17474/artvinofd.1362794.
JAMA Celik DA, Şahin A. Spatiotemporal changes of carbon storage in Çaltepe Forest Planning Unit. ACUJFF. 2023;24:224–233.
MLA Celik, Durmus Ali and Abdurrahman Şahin. “Spatiotemporal Changes of Carbon Storage in Çaltepe Forest Planning Unit”. Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi, vol. 24, no. 2, 2023, pp. 224-33, doi:10.17474/artvinofd.1362794.
Vancouver Celik DA, Şahin A. Spatiotemporal changes of carbon storage in Çaltepe Forest Planning Unit. ACUJFF. 2023;24(2):224-33.
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