Cilt 14, Sayı 2, Sayfalar 321 - 331 2013-05-19

The Use of Camera Traps in Wildlife
Yaban Hayatı Çalışmalarında Fotokapan Kullanımı

Yasin Uçarlı [1] , Bülent Sağlam [2]

162 884

Camera traps are increasingly used in the abundance and density estimates of wildlife species. Camera traps are very good alternative for direct observation in case, particularly, steep terrain, dense vegetation covered areas or nocturnal species. The main reason for the use of camera traps is eliminated that the economic, personnel and time loss in a continuous manner at the same time in different points. Camera traps, motion and heat sensitive, can take a photo or video according to the models. Crossover points and feeding or mating areas of the focal species are addressed as a priority camera trap set locations. The population size can be finding out by the images combined with Capture-Recapture methods. The population density came out the population size divided to effective sampling area size. Mating and breeding season, habitat choice, group structures and survival rates of the focal species can be achieved from the images. Camera traps are very useful to obtain the necessary data about the particularly mysterious species with economically in planning and conservation efforts.
Fotokapanlar tür araştırmalarında, bolluk ve yoğunluk tahminlerinde giderek artan bir şekilde kullanılmaktadır. Fotokapanlar özellikle sarp arazilerde, yoğun vejetasyonla kaplı alanlarda ya da hedef türün geceleri daha fazla aktif olması durumlarında doğrudan gözlemlere çok iyi bir alternatiftir. Fotokapanların kullanımının en temel nedeni farklı noktalarda, aynı anda ve sürekli bir şekilde gözlem yapılmasının doğuracağı ekonomik, personel ve zaman kaybını ortadan kaldırmasıdır. Harekete ve ısıya duyarlı fotokapanlar modellerine göre fotoğraf veya video kaydı yapabilmektedirler. Fotokapanların kurulum noktaları tespit edilirken hedef türün geçit noktaları, beslenme ya da çiftleşme noktaları öncelikli olarak ele alınmaktadır. Elde edilen görüntüler yakalama-yeniden yakalama örneklem metodu (Capture-Recapture) ile kombine edilerek hedef türün popülasyon büyüklüğü ortaya konulmaktadır. Popülasyon büyüklüğünün etkili örnekleme alanına bölünmesi ile popülasyon yoğunluğu tespit edilebilmektedir. Ayrıca, temin edilen görüntülerden hedef türün çiftleşme zamanı, habitat tercihi, doğum zamanı ve yavru durumları, grup yapıları ve hayatta kalma oranları hakkında da veriler elde edilebilir. Planlama ve koruma çalışmaları bazında ele alındığında genel olarak fotokapanlar özellikle doğrudan gözlemi zor olan gizemli türlerle ilgili gerekli verilerin elde edilmesine ve bunun ekonomik bir yolla yapılmasına ciddi manada katkı sağlamaktadır.
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Birincil Dil en
Konular
Dergi Bölümü Derleme
Yazarlar

Yazar: Yasin Uçarlı
E-posta: ucarliyasin@hotmail.com

Yazar: Bülent Sağlam
E-posta: saglambul@gmail.com

Bibtex @ { artvinofd29899, journal = {Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi}, issn = {2146-1880}, address = {Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi}, year = {2013}, volume = {14}, pages = {321 - 331}, doi = {}, title = {The Use of Camera Traps in Wildlife}, language = {en}, key = {cite}, author = {Uçarlı, Yasin and Sağlam, Bülent} } @ { artvinofd29899, journal = {Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi}, issn = {2146-1880}, address = {Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi}, year = {2013}, volume = {14}, pages = {321 - 331}, doi = {}, title = {Yaban Hayatı Çalışmalarında Fotokapan Kullanımı}, language = {tr}, key = {cite}, author = {Uçarlı, Yasin and Sağlam, Bülent} }
APA Uçarlı, Y , Sağlam, B . (2013). The Use of Camera Traps in Wildlife. Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi, 14 (2), 321-331. Retrieved from http://ofd.artvin.edu.tr/issue/2267/29899
MLA Uçarlı, Y , Sağlam, B . "The Use of Camera Traps in Wildlife". Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi 14 (2013): 321-331 <http://ofd.artvin.edu.tr/issue/2267/29899>
Chicago Uçarlı, Y , Sağlam, B . "The Use of Camera Traps in Wildlife". Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi 14 (2013): 321-331
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Yaban Hayatı Çalışmalarında Fotokapan Kullanımı AU - Yasin Uçarlı , Bülent Sağlam Y1 - 2013 PY - 2013 N1 - DO - T2 - Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 321 EP - 331 VL - 14 IS - 2 SN - 2146-1880-2146-698X M3 - UR - Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi Yaban Hayatı Çalışmalarında Fotokapan Kullanımı %A Yasin Uçarlı , Bülent Sağlam %T Yaban Hayatı Çalışmalarında Fotokapan Kullanımı %D 2013 %J Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi %P 2146-1880-2146-698X %V 14 %N 2 %R %U