Araştırma Makalesi
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Determination of user preferences in urban parks that social interaction environment: The case of Hopa

Yıl 2021, Cilt 22, Sayı 2, 183 - 191, 19.11.2021
https://doi.org/10.17474/artvinofd.907116

Öz

Urban parks, are an effective factor on the social well-being and psycho-physical health of people, offer spaces where people can get away from urban life and interact with nature and socialize. Ensuring the continuity of the services provided by these spaces is linked to the benefits the users gain from the area. From this point of view, in this study it was aimed to determine user preferences in urban parks. The 15th of July Democracy Martyrs Park and the 14th of March Park were selected as the study area in Hopa. In the study, a questionnaire was conducted with 215 people to determine the user preferences. The observation technique was used to determine the spatial preferences of the users. Results showed that the users visit the study area several times a year and mostly during the summer, spend 0-1 hours more in the afternoons and evenings, use the study area to sitting along the coastline, walking and watching the sea view. The reasons such as the fact that the areas are mostly for children, the lack of local flavors and the absence of collective seating areas are the deficiencies in the study area. As a result of the observation study, it was determined that the places where the users are very intensely and intensely used are children's playgrounds, walking paths, pier, sitting areas around the waterfront and eating and drinking areas. In the light of the data obtained, suggestions have been proposed about the area of the users can be used in all seasons, can be spent longer and will also serve different age groups.

Kaynakça

  • Ayhan A, Atabeyoğlu Ö (2020) Giresun kenti parklarında kullanıcı memnuniyeti. Kent Akademisi 13(2):305-314
  • Barbosa O, Tratalos JA, Armsworth PR, Davies RG, Fuller RA, Johnson P, Gaston KJ (2007) Who benefits from access to green space? A case study from Sheffield, UK. Landscape and Urban Planning 83(2-3):187–195
  • Basu S, Nagendra H (2020) Perceptions of park visitors on access to urban parks and benefits of green spaces. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening 57:126959
  • Bedimo-Rung AL, Mowen AJ, Cohen DA (2005) The significance of parks to physical activity and public health: a conceptual model. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 28(2):159–168
  • Bekçi B, Üçok M, Yılmaz H (2019) Rize kentsel kıyı şeridinin kullanıcı memnuniyetinin belirlenmesi. Nevşehir Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi 8(2):125-136
  • Brandli LL, Prietto PDM, Neckel A (2014) Estimating the willingness to pay for improvement of an urban park in southern Brazil using the contingent valuation method. Journal of Urban Planning and Development 140(4):1e10
  • Chiesura A (2004) The role of urban parks for the sustainable city. Landscape and Urban Planning 68(1):129–138
  • Cohen DA, Han B, Nagel CJ, Harnik P, McKenzie TL, Evenson KR, Marsh T, Williamson S, Vaughan C, Katta S (2016) The first national study of neighborhood parks: Implications for physical activity. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 51(4):419–426
  • Dinda S, Ghosh S (2021) Perceived benefits, aesthetic preferences and willingness to pay for visiting urban parks: A case study in Kolkata, India. International Journal of Geoheritage and Parks. Article In press
  • Duan Y, Wagner P, Zhang R, Wulff H, Brehm W (2018) Physical activity areas in urban parks and their use by the elderly from two cities in China and Germany. Landscape and Urban Planning 178:261–269
  • Dwyer JF, McPherson EG, Schroeder HW, Rowntree RA (1992) Assessing the benefits and costs of the urban forest. Journal of Arboriculture 18(5):227-234
  • Fan Y, Luo JM (2021) Development of a measurement scale for residents’ attitudes toward leisure activities in urban parks. Journal of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism 33:100360
  • Fan Z, Duan J, Lu Y, Zou W, Lan W (2021) A geographical detector study on factors influencing urban park use in Nanjing, China. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening 59:126996
  • Fang Y, Bi D, Gan Q (2012) Analysis on the urban residents’ perception of the park free opening-up policy in the context of socioeconomic transformation: A case of Guangzhou. Tourism Tribune 27(8):78–87
  • Finaeva O (2017) Role of green spaces in favourable microclimate creating in urban environment (Exemplified by italian cities). IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering 262:012141
  • Haase D, Larondelle N, Andersson E, Artmann M, Borgstrom S, Breuste, J, Gomez-Baggethun E, Gren A, Hamstead Z, Hansen R, Kabisch N, Kremer P, Langemeyer J, Rall EL, McPhearson T, Pauleit S, Qureshi S, Schwarz N, Voigt A, Wurster D, Elmqvist T (2014) A quantitative review of urban ecosystem service assessments: Concepts, models, and implementation. Ambio 43:413–433
  • Hartig T, Mitchell R, de Vries S, Frumkin H (2014) Nature and health. Annual Review of Public Health 35:207-228
  • Hujiabula B, Var M (2021) Büyükçekmece ilçesi Büyük Atatürk Parkı kullanıcılarının memnuniyet durumlarının saptanması. Düzce Üniversitesi Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi 9:293-306
  • Hodgson P, French K, Major RE (2007) Avian movement across abrupt ecological edges: Differential responses to housing density in an urban matrix. Landscape and Urban Planning 79(3):266–272
  • Jayakody RRJC, Amarathunga D, Haigh R (2018) Integration of disaster management strategies with planning and designing public open spaces. Procedia Engineering 212: 954–961
  • Jesdale BM, Morello-Frosch R, Cushing L (2013) The racial/ethnic distribution of heat risk-related land cover in relation to residential segregation. Environmental Health Perspectives 121(7):811–817
  • Karakaya N, Cengiz Taşlı T (2019) Yaşam kalitesinin arttırılmasında kent parklarının önemi: Eskişehir örneği. OPUS Uluslararası Toplum Araştırmaları Dergisi 14(20):1259-1283
  • Kazmierczak A, James P (2007) The role of urban green spaces in improving social inclusion. USIR Conference Paper. https://www.irbnet.de/daten/iconda/CIB16580.pdf. Accessed 3 March 2021
  • Konijnendijk CC, Annerstedt M, Nielsen AB, Maruthaveeran S (2013) Benefits of urban parks: a systematic review- a report for IFPRA. Copenhagen and Alnarp
  • Lagbas AJ (2019) Social valuation of regulating and cultural ecosystem services of Arroceros Forest Park: a man-made forest in the city of Manila, Philippines. Journal of Urban Management 8(1):159e177
  • Mantymaa E, Jokinen M, Juutinen A, Lankia T, Louhi P (2021). Providing ecological, cultural and commercial services in an urban park: A travel cost–contingent behavior application in Finland. Landscape Urban and Urban Planning 209:104042
  • McCormack GR, Rock M, Toohey AM, Hignell D (2010) Characteristics of urban parks associated with park use and physical activity: a review of qualitative research. Health Place 16(4):712–726
  • Neckel A, Da Silva JL, Saraiva PP, Kujawa HA, Araldi J, Paladini EP (2020) Estimation of the economic value of urban parks in Brazil, the case of the City of Passo Fundo. Journal of Cleaner Production 264:121369
  • Niemelä J, Saarela SR, Söderman T, Kopperoinen L, Yli-Pelkonen V, Väre S, Kotze DJ (2010) Using the ecosystem services approach for better planning andconservation of urban green spaces: A Finland case study. Biodiversity and Conservation, 19(11): 3225–3243
  • Nielsen AB (2014) Species richness in urban parks and its drivers: A review of empirical evidence. Urban Ecosystem 17(1):305
  • Önal S, Sağır M (2018) Ankara kent parklarının kullanımının belirlenmesi. Ankara Araştırmaları Dergisi 6(1):77-90
  • Paul S, Nagendra H (2017) Factors influencing perceptions and use of urban nature: Surveys of park visitors in Delhi. Land 6(27):1-23
  • Peters K, Elands B, Buijus A (2010) Social interactions in urban parks: Stimulating social cohesion? Social issues of forest recreation. Urban Forestry and Urban Planning 9(2):93–100
  • Setala H, Francini G, Allen JA, Jumpponen A, Hui N, Kotze DJ (2017) Urban parks provide ecosystem services by retaining metals and nutrients in soils. Environmental Pollution 231:451–461
  • Strum R, Cohen D (2014) Proximity to urban parks and mental health. The Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics 17:19–24
  • Subiza-Pereza M, Vozmedianoa L, Juan CS (2020) Green and blue settings as providers of mental health ecosystem services: Comparing urban beaches and parks and building a predictive model of psychological restoration. Landscape and Urban Planning 204: 103926
  • Thompson CW (2002) Urban open space in the 21st century. Landscape and Urban Planning 60(2):59–72
  • Torabi N, Lindsay J, Smith J, Khor L-A, Sainsbury O (2020) Widening the lens: Understanding urban parks as a network. Cities 98:102527
  • Wan C, Shen GQ, Choi S (2020) Effects of physical and psychological factors on users’ attitudes, use patterns, and perceived benefits toward urban parks. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening 51:126691
  • Wolch JR, Byrne J, Newell JP (2014) Urban green space, public health, and environmental justice: the challenge of making cities ‘just green enough’. Landscape and Urban Planning 125:234–244
  • Xiaolu Z, Masud PR (2012) Social benefits of urban green space: A conceptual framework of valuation and accessibility measurements. Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal 23(2):173–18

Sosyal etkileşim ortamı olan kent parklarında kullanıcı tercihlerinin belirlenmesi: Artvin-Hopa örneği

Yıl 2021, Cilt 22, Sayı 2, 183 - 191, 19.11.2021
https://doi.org/10.17474/artvinofd.907116

Öz

İnsanların sosyal refahı ve psiko-fiziksel sağlığı üzerinde etkili bir faktör olan kent parkları, bireylerin kent yaşamından uzaklaşıp doğayla etkileşim kurabilecekleri ve sosyalleşebilecekleri mekanlar sunmaktadır. Bu mekanların sağladığı servislerin sürekliliği kullanıcıların alandan elde ettikleri faydalarla bağlantılıdır. Buradan hareketle bu çalışmada kent parklarında kullanıcı tercihlerinin belirlenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Çalışma alanı olarak Hopa ilçesinin kullanım yoğunluğu fazla olan 15 Temmuz Demokrasi Şehitleri Parkı ve 14 Mart Parkı seçilmiştir. Çalışmada kullanıcı tercihlerinin belirlenmesinde 215 kişiyle anket çalışması yürütülmüştür. Kullanıcıların mekânsal tercihlerinin belirlenmesinde ise gözlem tekniğinden faydalanılmıştır. Anket çalışması sonucunda kullanıcıların çalışma alanını yılda birkaç defa ve daha çok yaz aylarında ziyaret ettiği, çalışma alanında daha çok öğleden sonra ve akşam saatlerinde 0-1 saat zaman geçirdikleri, çalışma alanını sahil kenarında oturmak, yürüyüş yapmak ve deniz manzarasını seyretmek amacıyla kullandıkları belirlenmiştir. Alanların daha çok çocuklara yönelik olması, yöresel lezzetlerin eksikliği ve toplu oturma alanlarının olmaması çalışma alanında görülen eksikliklerdir. Gözlem çalışmasının sonucunda da kullanıcıların çok yoğun ve yoğun kullandığı mekanların çocuk oyun alanı, yürüyüş yolları, iskele, su kenarı oturma alanları ve yeme-içme alanları olduğu belirlenmiştir. Elde edilen veriler ışığında kullanıcıların alanı dört mevsim kullanılabileceği, daha uzun zaman geçirilebileceği, farklı yaş gruplarına da hizmet verecek bir alan olması yönünde öneriler getirilmiştir.

Kaynakça

  • Ayhan A, Atabeyoğlu Ö (2020) Giresun kenti parklarında kullanıcı memnuniyeti. Kent Akademisi 13(2):305-314
  • Barbosa O, Tratalos JA, Armsworth PR, Davies RG, Fuller RA, Johnson P, Gaston KJ (2007) Who benefits from access to green space? A case study from Sheffield, UK. Landscape and Urban Planning 83(2-3):187–195
  • Basu S, Nagendra H (2020) Perceptions of park visitors on access to urban parks and benefits of green spaces. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening 57:126959
  • Bedimo-Rung AL, Mowen AJ, Cohen DA (2005) The significance of parks to physical activity and public health: a conceptual model. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 28(2):159–168
  • Bekçi B, Üçok M, Yılmaz H (2019) Rize kentsel kıyı şeridinin kullanıcı memnuniyetinin belirlenmesi. Nevşehir Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi 8(2):125-136
  • Brandli LL, Prietto PDM, Neckel A (2014) Estimating the willingness to pay for improvement of an urban park in southern Brazil using the contingent valuation method. Journal of Urban Planning and Development 140(4):1e10
  • Chiesura A (2004) The role of urban parks for the sustainable city. Landscape and Urban Planning 68(1):129–138
  • Cohen DA, Han B, Nagel CJ, Harnik P, McKenzie TL, Evenson KR, Marsh T, Williamson S, Vaughan C, Katta S (2016) The first national study of neighborhood parks: Implications for physical activity. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 51(4):419–426
  • Dinda S, Ghosh S (2021) Perceived benefits, aesthetic preferences and willingness to pay for visiting urban parks: A case study in Kolkata, India. International Journal of Geoheritage and Parks. Article In press
  • Duan Y, Wagner P, Zhang R, Wulff H, Brehm W (2018) Physical activity areas in urban parks and their use by the elderly from two cities in China and Germany. Landscape and Urban Planning 178:261–269
  • Dwyer JF, McPherson EG, Schroeder HW, Rowntree RA (1992) Assessing the benefits and costs of the urban forest. Journal of Arboriculture 18(5):227-234
  • Fan Y, Luo JM (2021) Development of a measurement scale for residents’ attitudes toward leisure activities in urban parks. Journal of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism 33:100360
  • Fan Z, Duan J, Lu Y, Zou W, Lan W (2021) A geographical detector study on factors influencing urban park use in Nanjing, China. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening 59:126996
  • Fang Y, Bi D, Gan Q (2012) Analysis on the urban residents’ perception of the park free opening-up policy in the context of socioeconomic transformation: A case of Guangzhou. Tourism Tribune 27(8):78–87
  • Finaeva O (2017) Role of green spaces in favourable microclimate creating in urban environment (Exemplified by italian cities). IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering 262:012141
  • Haase D, Larondelle N, Andersson E, Artmann M, Borgstrom S, Breuste, J, Gomez-Baggethun E, Gren A, Hamstead Z, Hansen R, Kabisch N, Kremer P, Langemeyer J, Rall EL, McPhearson T, Pauleit S, Qureshi S, Schwarz N, Voigt A, Wurster D, Elmqvist T (2014) A quantitative review of urban ecosystem service assessments: Concepts, models, and implementation. Ambio 43:413–433
  • Hartig T, Mitchell R, de Vries S, Frumkin H (2014) Nature and health. Annual Review of Public Health 35:207-228
  • Hujiabula B, Var M (2021) Büyükçekmece ilçesi Büyük Atatürk Parkı kullanıcılarının memnuniyet durumlarının saptanması. Düzce Üniversitesi Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi 9:293-306
  • Hodgson P, French K, Major RE (2007) Avian movement across abrupt ecological edges: Differential responses to housing density in an urban matrix. Landscape and Urban Planning 79(3):266–272
  • Jayakody RRJC, Amarathunga D, Haigh R (2018) Integration of disaster management strategies with planning and designing public open spaces. Procedia Engineering 212: 954–961
  • Jesdale BM, Morello-Frosch R, Cushing L (2013) The racial/ethnic distribution of heat risk-related land cover in relation to residential segregation. Environmental Health Perspectives 121(7):811–817
  • Karakaya N, Cengiz Taşlı T (2019) Yaşam kalitesinin arttırılmasında kent parklarının önemi: Eskişehir örneği. OPUS Uluslararası Toplum Araştırmaları Dergisi 14(20):1259-1283
  • Kazmierczak A, James P (2007) The role of urban green spaces in improving social inclusion. USIR Conference Paper. https://www.irbnet.de/daten/iconda/CIB16580.pdf. Accessed 3 March 2021
  • Konijnendijk CC, Annerstedt M, Nielsen AB, Maruthaveeran S (2013) Benefits of urban parks: a systematic review- a report for IFPRA. Copenhagen and Alnarp
  • Lagbas AJ (2019) Social valuation of regulating and cultural ecosystem services of Arroceros Forest Park: a man-made forest in the city of Manila, Philippines. Journal of Urban Management 8(1):159e177
  • Mantymaa E, Jokinen M, Juutinen A, Lankia T, Louhi P (2021). Providing ecological, cultural and commercial services in an urban park: A travel cost–contingent behavior application in Finland. Landscape Urban and Urban Planning 209:104042
  • McCormack GR, Rock M, Toohey AM, Hignell D (2010) Characteristics of urban parks associated with park use and physical activity: a review of qualitative research. Health Place 16(4):712–726
  • Neckel A, Da Silva JL, Saraiva PP, Kujawa HA, Araldi J, Paladini EP (2020) Estimation of the economic value of urban parks in Brazil, the case of the City of Passo Fundo. Journal of Cleaner Production 264:121369
  • Niemelä J, Saarela SR, Söderman T, Kopperoinen L, Yli-Pelkonen V, Väre S, Kotze DJ (2010) Using the ecosystem services approach for better planning andconservation of urban green spaces: A Finland case study. Biodiversity and Conservation, 19(11): 3225–3243
  • Nielsen AB (2014) Species richness in urban parks and its drivers: A review of empirical evidence. Urban Ecosystem 17(1):305
  • Önal S, Sağır M (2018) Ankara kent parklarının kullanımının belirlenmesi. Ankara Araştırmaları Dergisi 6(1):77-90
  • Paul S, Nagendra H (2017) Factors influencing perceptions and use of urban nature: Surveys of park visitors in Delhi. Land 6(27):1-23
  • Peters K, Elands B, Buijus A (2010) Social interactions in urban parks: Stimulating social cohesion? Social issues of forest recreation. Urban Forestry and Urban Planning 9(2):93–100
  • Setala H, Francini G, Allen JA, Jumpponen A, Hui N, Kotze DJ (2017) Urban parks provide ecosystem services by retaining metals and nutrients in soils. Environmental Pollution 231:451–461
  • Strum R, Cohen D (2014) Proximity to urban parks and mental health. The Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics 17:19–24
  • Subiza-Pereza M, Vozmedianoa L, Juan CS (2020) Green and blue settings as providers of mental health ecosystem services: Comparing urban beaches and parks and building a predictive model of psychological restoration. Landscape and Urban Planning 204: 103926
  • Thompson CW (2002) Urban open space in the 21st century. Landscape and Urban Planning 60(2):59–72
  • Torabi N, Lindsay J, Smith J, Khor L-A, Sainsbury O (2020) Widening the lens: Understanding urban parks as a network. Cities 98:102527
  • Wan C, Shen GQ, Choi S (2020) Effects of physical and psychological factors on users’ attitudes, use patterns, and perceived benefits toward urban parks. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening 51:126691
  • Wolch JR, Byrne J, Newell JP (2014) Urban green space, public health, and environmental justice: the challenge of making cities ‘just green enough’. Landscape and Urban Planning 125:234–244
  • Xiaolu Z, Masud PR (2012) Social benefits of urban green space: A conceptual framework of valuation and accessibility measurements. Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal 23(2):173–18

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Mimarlık
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Banu KARAŞAH (Sorumlu Yazar)
ARTVİN ÇORUH ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SANAT VE TASARIM FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0001-5079-5313
Türkiye


Seden AŞIK Bu kişi benim
ARTVİN ÇORUH ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-7281-1182
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 19 Kasım 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 22, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { artvinofd907116, journal = {Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi}, issn = {2146-1880}, eissn = {2146-698X}, address = {}, publisher = {Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi}, year = {2021}, volume = {22}, pages = {183 - 191}, doi = {10.17474/artvinofd.907116}, title = {Sosyal etkileşim ortamı olan kent parklarında kullanıcı tercihlerinin belirlenmesi: Artvin-Hopa örneği}, key = {cite}, author = {Karaşah, Banu and Aşık, Seden} }
APA Karaşah, B. & Aşık, S. (2021). Sosyal etkileşim ortamı olan kent parklarında kullanıcı tercihlerinin belirlenmesi: Artvin-Hopa örneği . Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi , 22 (2) , 183-191 . DOI: 10.17474/artvinofd.907116
MLA Karaşah, B. , Aşık, S. "Sosyal etkileşim ortamı olan kent parklarında kullanıcı tercihlerinin belirlenmesi: Artvin-Hopa örneği" . Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi 22 (2021 ): 183-191 <http://ofd.artvin.edu.tr/tr/pub/issue/65850/907116>
Chicago Karaşah, B. , Aşık, S. "Sosyal etkileşim ortamı olan kent parklarında kullanıcı tercihlerinin belirlenmesi: Artvin-Hopa örneği". Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi 22 (2021 ): 183-191
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Sosyal etkileşim ortamı olan kent parklarında kullanıcı tercihlerinin belirlenmesi: Artvin-Hopa örneği AU - Banu Karaşah , Seden Aşık Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.17474/artvinofd.907116 DO - 10.17474/artvinofd.907116 T2 - Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 183 EP - 191 VL - 22 IS - 2 SN - 2146-1880-2146-698X M3 - doi: 10.17474/artvinofd.907116 UR - https://doi.org/10.17474/artvinofd.907116 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi Sosyal etkileşim ortamı olan kent parklarında kullanıcı tercihlerinin belirlenmesi: Artvin-Hopa örneği %A Banu Karaşah , Seden Aşık %T Sosyal etkileşim ortamı olan kent parklarında kullanıcı tercihlerinin belirlenmesi: Artvin-Hopa örneği %D 2021 %J Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi %P 2146-1880-2146-698X %V 22 %N 2 %R doi: 10.17474/artvinofd.907116 %U 10.17474/artvinofd.907116
ISNAD Karaşah, Banu , Aşık, Seden . "Sosyal etkileşim ortamı olan kent parklarında kullanıcı tercihlerinin belirlenmesi: Artvin-Hopa örneği". Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi 22 / 2 (Kasım 2021): 183-191 . https://doi.org/10.17474/artvinofd.907116
AMA Karaşah B. , Aşık S. Sosyal etkileşim ortamı olan kent parklarında kullanıcı tercihlerinin belirlenmesi: Artvin-Hopa örneği. AÇÜOFD. 2021; 22(2): 183-191.
Vancouver Karaşah B. , Aşık S. Sosyal etkileşim ortamı olan kent parklarında kullanıcı tercihlerinin belirlenmesi: Artvin-Hopa örneği. Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi. 2021; 22(2): 183-191.
IEEE B. Karaşah ve S. Aşık , "Sosyal etkileşim ortamı olan kent parklarında kullanıcı tercihlerinin belirlenmesi: Artvin-Hopa örneği", Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi, c. 22, sayı. 2, ss. 183-191, Kas. 2021, doi:10.17474/artvinofd.907116
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