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Elektrostatik toz boya uygulanmış ahşap esaslı levhaların bazı teknolojik özelliklerinin incelenmesi

Yıl 2021, Cilt 22, Sayı 2, 312 - 320, 19.11.2021
https://doi.org/10.17474/artvinofd.994081

Öz

Elektrostatik toz boyalar otomotiv ve beyaz eşya gibi iletken metalik yüzeyler üzerine uygulanmaktadır. Elektrostatik toz boyalar uçucu organik bileşik içermemesi, çevre, iş güvenliği ve işçi sağlığı açısından diğer sıvı boyalara göre daha avantajlıdır. Bu avantajlarından dolayı son zamanlarda iletken olmayan plastik, ahşap ve ahşap esaslı levhalara uygulanması yönünde birçok araştırma ve geliştirme faaliyetleri yürütülmektedir. Bu çalışmada ahşap esaslı levhalardan yongalevha ve orta yoğunlukta liflevha (MDF) yüzeylerinin iletkenlik değerini artırmak için ön ısıtma (70 °C) ve sonrasında korona tipi tabanca ile hibrit esaslı (Epoksi/Polyester) elektrostatik toz boya işlemi uygulanmıştır. Daha sonra örnekler, kızılötesi (infarared) fırınlarda 130 °C sıcaklıkta 20 dakika boyunca kürlenme işlemine tabi tutulmuştur. Ön ısıtma ve kürlenme esnasında MDF ve yongalevhalarda ısının etkisi ile levhalarda mekanik ve fiziksel değişimler öngörülmektedir. Bu amaç doğrultusunda; elektrostatik toz boya uygulanmış ve uygulanmamış MDF ve yongalevha örneklerinin, TS 319 standardına göre yapışma direnci, TS EN 310 standardına göre eğilme direnci, TS EN 320 standardına göre vida çekme direnci, ASTM D 1037 standardına göre su alma oranı ve TS EN 317 standardına göre kalınlığına şişme testlerine tabi tutularak istatistiksel karşılaştırılması yapılmıştır. Yapılan karşılaştırma sonucunda, elektrostatik toz boya ile kaplanması MDF örneklerinde çok fazla değişikliğe neden olmaz iken yongalevha örneklerinin mekanik ve fiziksel özelliklerini etkilediği tespit edilmiştir.

Kaynakça

  • Akkus M, Akbulut T, Candan Z (2019) Application of electrostatic powder coating on wood composite panels using a cooling method. Part 1: Investigation of water ıntake, abrasion, scratch resistance, and adhesion strength. BioResources 14(4): 9557–9574
  • Akkus M, Akbulut T, Candan Z (2021) Formaldehyde emission, combustion behavior, and artificial weathering characteristics of electrostatic powder coated wood composite panels. Wood Material Science & Engineering 1-11
  • Altuntaş M (2012) Yalıtkan ürünlerin elektrostatik toz boya ile boyanmasına olanak veren astar boya karışımı. Türk Patent Enstitüsü, Patent No: 2012/07395
  • ASTM D 1037 (2012) Standard methods of evaluating the properties of wood – based
  • fiber and particle panel materials. Philadelphi, PA. USA.
  • Ates S, Kara HR, Olgun C, Ozkan OE (2017) Effects of heat treatment on some properties of MDF (Medium-Density Fiberboard). Wood Material Science & Engineering 12(3): 158–164
  • Ayrilmis N (2020) Surface properties of oriented strand board coated by electrostatic dry powder spray deposition technique. BioResources 15(1): 1521–1530
  • Ayrilmis N, Laufenberg TL, Winandy JE (2009) Dimensional stability and creep behavior of heat-treated exterior medium density fiberboard. European Journal of Wood and Wood Products 67(3): 287–295
  • Ayrilmis, N (2010) Variations in hardness and screw withdrawal resistance of heat treated medium density fiberboards. Wood Research 55(1) 111–116
  • Badila M, Jocham C, Zhang W, Schmidt T, Wuzella G, Müller U, Kandelbauer A (2014) Powder coating of veneered particle board surfaces by hot pressing. Progress in Organic Coatings 77(10): 1547–1553
  • Bekhta P, Lecka J, Morze Z (2003) Short-term effect of the temperature on the bending strength of wood-based panels. Holz als Roh-und Werkstoff 61(6): 423–424
  • Chen Y, Zhu S, Guo Y, Liu S, Tu D, Fan H (2016) Investigation on withdrawal resistance of screws ın reconstituted bamboo lumber. Wood Research 61(5): 799–810
  • Colakoglu MH (2009) Determination of bending strength elongation ın bending screw withdrawal strength and swelling ın thickness of some panels. Journal of Applied Sciences 9(22): 4061–4065
  • Erdil YZ, Zhang J, Eckelman CA (2003) Staple holding strength of furniture frame joints constructed of plywood and oriented strandboard. Forest Products Journal 53(1): 70–75
  • Gioia CA, Minesso R, Cavalieri P, Marchese, A, Celli M, Colonna M (2015) Powder coatings for indoor applications from renewable resources and recycled polymers. Journal of Coatings Technology and Research 12(3): 555-562
  • Istek A, Aydemir D, Aksu S (2010) The effect of decor paper and resin type on the physical, mechanical, and surface quality properties of particleboards coated with impregnated décor papers. BioResources 5(2): 1074–1083
  • İstek A, Özlüsoylu İ, Aydın U (2016) The Effect of resin paper coating on some particleboard properties. Internatinal Conference on Engineering and Natural Sciences, Sarajevo, pp 1312–1317
  • Jocham C, Schmidt TW, Wuzella G, Teischinger A, Kandelbauer A (2011) Adhesion improvement of powder coating on medium density fibreboard (MDF) by thermal pre-treatment. Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology 25(15): 1937-1946
  • Kayıs S, Bektas İ, Ak AK (2016) Comparing the technological properties of mdf’s coated with pvc folios using wrapping and membrane press methods. II. Internatıonal Furniture Congress, Muğla, pp 258-262
  • Knoblauch M (2013) The Future of Industrial Coatings UV-curable powder coating for MDF wood. Paint and Coatings Industry 25(13): 34–36
  • Köhler R, Sauerbier P, Militz H, Viöl W (2017) Atmospheric pressure plasma coating of wood and mdf with polyester powder. Coatings 7(10): 171
  • Lee SH, Lum WC, Zaidon A, Fatin-Ruzanna J, Tan LP, Mariusz M, Chin KL (2017) Effect of post-thermal treatment on the density profile of rubberwood particleboard and ıts relation to mechanical properties. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 29(1): 93–104
  • Liberto N (2003) User’s guide to powder coating. Society of Manufacturing Engineers, ISBN-10: 0872636488.
  • Lunguleasa, A, Spîrchez C, (2015) The characteristics of thermally treated mdf panels. Bulletin of the Transilvania University of Brasov 8(2): 55-60
  • Melo RR, Muhl M, Stangerlin DM, Alfenas RF, Rodolfo F (2018) “Properties of particleboards submitted to heat treatments. Ciência Florestal 28(2): 776–783
  • Nemli G, Çolakoǧlu G (2005) The Influence of lamination technique on the properties of particleboard. Building and Environment 40(1): 83-87
  • Nemli G, Hiziroglu S (2009) Effect of press parameters on scratch and abrasion resistance of overlaid particleboard panels. Journal of Composite Materials 43(13): 1413–1420
  • Nemli G, Örs Y, Kalaycıoğlu H (2005) The choosing of suitable decorative surface coating material types for interior end use applications of particleboard. Construction and Building Materials 19(4): 307–312
  • Oliveira SL, Freire TP, Mendes LM, Mendes RF (2017) The Effect of post-heat treatment in mdf panels. Materials Research 20(1) 183–190
  • Oliveira SL, Freire TP, Mendes LM, Mendes RF (2017) The effect of post-heat treatment in MDF panels. Materials Research 20(1): 183–190
  • Özçifci A, Kara ME, Karakaya B (2016) Effect of storage time on some mechanical and physical properties of melamine coated MDFs,” II. Internatıonal Furnıture Congress, Muğla, pp 197-203
  • TS EN 310 (1999) Ahşap esaslı levhalar-eğilme dayanımı ve eğilme elastikiyet modülünün tayini. Türk Standartlar Enstitüsü, ICS 79.060.01
  • TS EN 312 (2005) Yonga levhalar – özellikler. Türk Standartlar Enstitüsü, ICS 79.060.20
  • TS EN 317 (1999) Yonga levhalar ve lif levhalar-su içerisine daldırma işleminden sonra kalınlığına şişme tayini. Türk Standartlar Enstitüsü, ICS 79.060.20
  • TS EN 319 (1999) Yonga levhalar ve lif levhalar-levha yüzeyine dik çekme dayanımının tayini. Türk Standartlar Enstitüsü, ICS 79.060.20
  • TS EN 320 (2011) Yonga levhalar ve lif levhalar-vida tutma mukavemetinin tayini. Türk Standartlar Enstitüsü, ICS 79.060.20
  • TS EN 622 – 5 (2008) Lif levhalar - özellikler - bölüm 5: Kuru işlemli levhalar (MDF) için gerekler. Türk Standartlar Enstitüsü, ICS 79.060.20
  • Tunçgenç M (2014) Genel boya bilgileri. Teknik Bülten, Akzo Nobel Kemipol A.Ş.
  • Utech BA (2002) Guide to high-performance powder coating, Society of Manufacturing Engineers, ISBN-10: 0872635457.
  • Vassiliou V, Barboutis I (2005) Screw withdrawal capacity used ın the eccentric joints of cabinet furniture connectors ın particleboard and MDF. Journal of Wood Science 51(6): 572–576
  • Wandscheer RB, Bressan, J, Melo RR, Lima DC, Pedrosa TD, Ferreira MD (2016) Thermal treatment effect on physical and mechanical properties of mdf panels. Nativa 4(2): 71–76
  • Wang XA, Salenikovich A, Mohammad M (2007) Localized density effects on fastener holding capacities ın wood-based panels. Forest Products Journal 57(1/2): 103–109
  • Wuzella G, Kandelbauer A, Mahendran AR, Teischinger A (2011) Thermochemical and isoconversional kinetic analysis of a polyester-epoxy hybrid powder coating resin for wood based panel finishing. Progress in Organic Coatings 70(4): 186-191
  • Yılmaz B, Yener G (1990) Yongalevha endüstrisi. İstanbul Üniversitesi, Orman Fakültesi Yayını, İstanbul .

Investigation of some technological properties of wood-based boards coated with electrostatic powder coating

Yıl 2021, Cilt 22, Sayı 2, 312 - 320, 19.11.2021
https://doi.org/10.17474/artvinofd.994081

Öz

Electrostatic powder coatings are applied on conductive metallic surfaces such as automotive and white goods. Electrostatic powder coatings are more advantageous than other liquid coatings in terms of environment, work safety and worker health, as they do not contain volatile organic compounds. Due to these advantages, many research and development studies have been carried out recently for the application of non-conductive plastic, wood and wood-based composite panels. In this study, hybrid-based (polyster/Epoxy) electrostatic powder coatings was applied to the surfaces of particleboard and fiberboard (MDF) by corona type spray gun after exposed of preheating (70 °C) to increase the electrical conductivity of surface of the wood-based boards. Then, the samples were cured in infrared ovens at 130 °C for 20 minutes. During pre-heating and curing, mechanical and physical changes are envisaged in MDF and particleboards with the effect of heat. In accordance with this purpose; The coated and uncoated of MDF and particleboard tested to the internal bonding strength, the bending strength, the screw resistance, the water absorption and the thickness swelling determined to according to TS 319, TS EN 310, TS EN 320, ASTM D 1037, and TS EN 317 standards, respectively. As a result of the comparison, it was determined that while application of electrostatic powder coating did not cause much change in MDF samples, it affected the mechanical and physical properties of the particleboard samples.

Kaynakça

  • Akkus M, Akbulut T, Candan Z (2019) Application of electrostatic powder coating on wood composite panels using a cooling method. Part 1: Investigation of water ıntake, abrasion, scratch resistance, and adhesion strength. BioResources 14(4): 9557–9574
  • Akkus M, Akbulut T, Candan Z (2021) Formaldehyde emission, combustion behavior, and artificial weathering characteristics of electrostatic powder coated wood composite panels. Wood Material Science & Engineering 1-11
  • Altuntaş M (2012) Yalıtkan ürünlerin elektrostatik toz boya ile boyanmasına olanak veren astar boya karışımı. Türk Patent Enstitüsü, Patent No: 2012/07395
  • ASTM D 1037 (2012) Standard methods of evaluating the properties of wood – based
  • fiber and particle panel materials. Philadelphi, PA. USA.
  • Ates S, Kara HR, Olgun C, Ozkan OE (2017) Effects of heat treatment on some properties of MDF (Medium-Density Fiberboard). Wood Material Science & Engineering 12(3): 158–164
  • Ayrilmis N (2020) Surface properties of oriented strand board coated by electrostatic dry powder spray deposition technique. BioResources 15(1): 1521–1530
  • Ayrilmis N, Laufenberg TL, Winandy JE (2009) Dimensional stability and creep behavior of heat-treated exterior medium density fiberboard. European Journal of Wood and Wood Products 67(3): 287–295
  • Ayrilmis, N (2010) Variations in hardness and screw withdrawal resistance of heat treated medium density fiberboards. Wood Research 55(1) 111–116
  • Badila M, Jocham C, Zhang W, Schmidt T, Wuzella G, Müller U, Kandelbauer A (2014) Powder coating of veneered particle board surfaces by hot pressing. Progress in Organic Coatings 77(10): 1547–1553
  • Bekhta P, Lecka J, Morze Z (2003) Short-term effect of the temperature on the bending strength of wood-based panels. Holz als Roh-und Werkstoff 61(6): 423–424
  • Chen Y, Zhu S, Guo Y, Liu S, Tu D, Fan H (2016) Investigation on withdrawal resistance of screws ın reconstituted bamboo lumber. Wood Research 61(5): 799–810
  • Colakoglu MH (2009) Determination of bending strength elongation ın bending screw withdrawal strength and swelling ın thickness of some panels. Journal of Applied Sciences 9(22): 4061–4065
  • Erdil YZ, Zhang J, Eckelman CA (2003) Staple holding strength of furniture frame joints constructed of plywood and oriented strandboard. Forest Products Journal 53(1): 70–75
  • Gioia CA, Minesso R, Cavalieri P, Marchese, A, Celli M, Colonna M (2015) Powder coatings for indoor applications from renewable resources and recycled polymers. Journal of Coatings Technology and Research 12(3): 555-562
  • Istek A, Aydemir D, Aksu S (2010) The effect of decor paper and resin type on the physical, mechanical, and surface quality properties of particleboards coated with impregnated décor papers. BioResources 5(2): 1074–1083
  • İstek A, Özlüsoylu İ, Aydın U (2016) The Effect of resin paper coating on some particleboard properties. Internatinal Conference on Engineering and Natural Sciences, Sarajevo, pp 1312–1317
  • Jocham C, Schmidt TW, Wuzella G, Teischinger A, Kandelbauer A (2011) Adhesion improvement of powder coating on medium density fibreboard (MDF) by thermal pre-treatment. Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology 25(15): 1937-1946
  • Kayıs S, Bektas İ, Ak AK (2016) Comparing the technological properties of mdf’s coated with pvc folios using wrapping and membrane press methods. II. Internatıonal Furniture Congress, Muğla, pp 258-262
  • Knoblauch M (2013) The Future of Industrial Coatings UV-curable powder coating for MDF wood. Paint and Coatings Industry 25(13): 34–36
  • Köhler R, Sauerbier P, Militz H, Viöl W (2017) Atmospheric pressure plasma coating of wood and mdf with polyester powder. Coatings 7(10): 171
  • Lee SH, Lum WC, Zaidon A, Fatin-Ruzanna J, Tan LP, Mariusz M, Chin KL (2017) Effect of post-thermal treatment on the density profile of rubberwood particleboard and ıts relation to mechanical properties. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 29(1): 93–104
  • Liberto N (2003) User’s guide to powder coating. Society of Manufacturing Engineers, ISBN-10: 0872636488.
  • Lunguleasa, A, Spîrchez C, (2015) The characteristics of thermally treated mdf panels. Bulletin of the Transilvania University of Brasov 8(2): 55-60
  • Melo RR, Muhl M, Stangerlin DM, Alfenas RF, Rodolfo F (2018) “Properties of particleboards submitted to heat treatments. Ciência Florestal 28(2): 776–783
  • Nemli G, Çolakoǧlu G (2005) The Influence of lamination technique on the properties of particleboard. Building and Environment 40(1): 83-87
  • Nemli G, Hiziroglu S (2009) Effect of press parameters on scratch and abrasion resistance of overlaid particleboard panels. Journal of Composite Materials 43(13): 1413–1420
  • Nemli G, Örs Y, Kalaycıoğlu H (2005) The choosing of suitable decorative surface coating material types for interior end use applications of particleboard. Construction and Building Materials 19(4): 307–312
  • Oliveira SL, Freire TP, Mendes LM, Mendes RF (2017) The Effect of post-heat treatment in mdf panels. Materials Research 20(1) 183–190
  • Oliveira SL, Freire TP, Mendes LM, Mendes RF (2017) The effect of post-heat treatment in MDF panels. Materials Research 20(1): 183–190
  • Özçifci A, Kara ME, Karakaya B (2016) Effect of storage time on some mechanical and physical properties of melamine coated MDFs,” II. Internatıonal Furnıture Congress, Muğla, pp 197-203
  • TS EN 310 (1999) Ahşap esaslı levhalar-eğilme dayanımı ve eğilme elastikiyet modülünün tayini. Türk Standartlar Enstitüsü, ICS 79.060.01
  • TS EN 312 (2005) Yonga levhalar – özellikler. Türk Standartlar Enstitüsü, ICS 79.060.20
  • TS EN 317 (1999) Yonga levhalar ve lif levhalar-su içerisine daldırma işleminden sonra kalınlığına şişme tayini. Türk Standartlar Enstitüsü, ICS 79.060.20
  • TS EN 319 (1999) Yonga levhalar ve lif levhalar-levha yüzeyine dik çekme dayanımının tayini. Türk Standartlar Enstitüsü, ICS 79.060.20
  • TS EN 320 (2011) Yonga levhalar ve lif levhalar-vida tutma mukavemetinin tayini. Türk Standartlar Enstitüsü, ICS 79.060.20
  • TS EN 622 – 5 (2008) Lif levhalar - özellikler - bölüm 5: Kuru işlemli levhalar (MDF) için gerekler. Türk Standartlar Enstitüsü, ICS 79.060.20
  • Tunçgenç M (2014) Genel boya bilgileri. Teknik Bülten, Akzo Nobel Kemipol A.Ş.
  • Utech BA (2002) Guide to high-performance powder coating, Society of Manufacturing Engineers, ISBN-10: 0872635457.
  • Vassiliou V, Barboutis I (2005) Screw withdrawal capacity used ın the eccentric joints of cabinet furniture connectors ın particleboard and MDF. Journal of Wood Science 51(6): 572–576
  • Wandscheer RB, Bressan, J, Melo RR, Lima DC, Pedrosa TD, Ferreira MD (2016) Thermal treatment effect on physical and mechanical properties of mdf panels. Nativa 4(2): 71–76
  • Wang XA, Salenikovich A, Mohammad M (2007) Localized density effects on fastener holding capacities ın wood-based panels. Forest Products Journal 57(1/2): 103–109
  • Wuzella G, Kandelbauer A, Mahendran AR, Teischinger A (2011) Thermochemical and isoconversional kinetic analysis of a polyester-epoxy hybrid powder coating resin for wood based panel finishing. Progress in Organic Coatings 70(4): 186-191
  • Yılmaz B, Yener G (1990) Yongalevha endüstrisi. İstanbul Üniversitesi, Orman Fakültesi Yayını, İstanbul .

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Orman Mühendisliği
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Memiş AKKUŞ (Sorumlu Yazar)
DÜZCE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-7836-9818
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 19 Kasım 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 22, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { artvinofd994081, journal = {Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi}, issn = {2146-1880}, eissn = {2146-698X}, address = {}, publisher = {Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi}, year = {2021}, volume = {22}, pages = {312 - 320}, doi = {10.17474/artvinofd.994081}, title = {Elektrostatik toz boya uygulanmış ahşap esaslı levhaların bazı teknolojik özelliklerinin incelenmesi}, key = {cite}, author = {Akkuş, Memiş} }
APA Akkuş, M. (2021). Elektrostatik toz boya uygulanmış ahşap esaslı levhaların bazı teknolojik özelliklerinin incelenmesi . Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi , 22 (2) , 312-320 . DOI: 10.17474/artvinofd.994081
MLA Akkuş, M. "Elektrostatik toz boya uygulanmış ahşap esaslı levhaların bazı teknolojik özelliklerinin incelenmesi" . Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi 22 (2021 ): 312-320 <http://ofd.artvin.edu.tr/tr/pub/issue/65850/994081>
Chicago Akkuş, M. "Elektrostatik toz boya uygulanmış ahşap esaslı levhaların bazı teknolojik özelliklerinin incelenmesi". Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi 22 (2021 ): 312-320
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Elektrostatik toz boya uygulanmış ahşap esaslı levhaların bazı teknolojik özelliklerinin incelenmesi AU - Memiş Akkuş Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.17474/artvinofd.994081 DO - 10.17474/artvinofd.994081 T2 - Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 312 EP - 320 VL - 22 IS - 2 SN - 2146-1880-2146-698X M3 - doi: 10.17474/artvinofd.994081 UR - https://doi.org/10.17474/artvinofd.994081 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi Elektrostatik toz boya uygulanmış ahşap esaslı levhaların bazı teknolojik özelliklerinin incelenmesi %A Memiş Akkuş %T Elektrostatik toz boya uygulanmış ahşap esaslı levhaların bazı teknolojik özelliklerinin incelenmesi %D 2021 %J Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi %P 2146-1880-2146-698X %V 22 %N 2 %R doi: 10.17474/artvinofd.994081 %U 10.17474/artvinofd.994081
ISNAD Akkuş, Memiş . "Elektrostatik toz boya uygulanmış ahşap esaslı levhaların bazı teknolojik özelliklerinin incelenmesi". Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi 22 / 2 (Kasım 2021): 312-320 . https://doi.org/10.17474/artvinofd.994081
AMA Akkuş M. Elektrostatik toz boya uygulanmış ahşap esaslı levhaların bazı teknolojik özelliklerinin incelenmesi. AÇÜOFD. 2021; 22(2): 312-320.
Vancouver Akkuş M. Elektrostatik toz boya uygulanmış ahşap esaslı levhaların bazı teknolojik özelliklerinin incelenmesi. Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi. 2021; 22(2): 312-320.
IEEE M. Akkuş , "Elektrostatik toz boya uygulanmış ahşap esaslı levhaların bazı teknolojik özelliklerinin incelenmesi", Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi, c. 22, sayı. 2, ss. 312-320, Kas. 2021, doi:10.17474/artvinofd.994081
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