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Surface properties of wood material impregnated with copper-based chemical (Korasit KS) after natural weathering

Yıl 2022, Cilt 23, Sayı 2, 227 - 233, 28.10.2022
https://doi.org/10.17474/artvinofd.1174997

Öz

In this work, the surface characteristics of Oriental beech (Fagus orientalis L.) wood impregnated with Korasit KS, a water-based and copper-containing impregnation substance, were examined after three months of natural weathering. The impregnation material was penetrated into the wood material at 3% and 6% concentration levels according to the ASTM D 1413-07 (ASTM 2007) standard. According to the results obtained, the L* values of all samples decreased after natural weathering. Furthermore, impregnated samples provided better color stability than control samples. Moreover, this stability increased as the concentration amount increased in the impregnation process. While the gloss of all samples decreased after natural weathering, this decrease was more in control samples. According to the surface roughness test results, Ra, Rz and Rq values of all samples increased after natural weathering. This increase was more in the impregnated samples.

Kaynakça

  • ASTM D358-55 (1970) Standard specification for wood to be used panels in weathering tests of paints and varnishes. ASTM, ABD.
  • ASTM-D 1413-07 (2007) Standard test method for wood preservatives by laboratory soil-block cultures. ASTM, ABD.
  • ASTM D523-14 (2018) Standard test method for specular gloss. ASTM, ABD.
  • ASTM D1536-58 (1964) Tentative method of test color difference using the color master differential colorimeter. ASTM, ABD.
  • Ayrılmış N, Korkut S, Tanrıtanır E, Winandy JE, Hızıroğlu S (2006) Effect of various fire retardants on surface roughness of plywood. Building and Environment 41(7):887-892.
  • Aydın İ, Çolakoğlu G (2003) Roughness on Wood Surfaces and Roughness Measurement Methods. Artvin Orman Fakültesi Dergisi 4 (1–2): 92–102.
  • Baysal E, Toker H, Türkoğlu T, Gündüz A, Altay Ç, Küçüktüvek M, Peker H (2021) Weathering characteristics of impregnated and coated Calabrian pine wood. Maderas. Ciencia y tecnología 23(31): 1-10.
  • Baysal E, Tomak ED, Topaloğlu E, Pesman, E (2016) Surface Properties of Bamboo and Scots Pine Impregnated with Boron and Copper Based Wood Preservatives After Accelerated Weathering. Maderas. Ciencia y tecnología 18(2): 253-264.
  • Baysal E, Tomak ED, Özbey M, Altın E (2014) Surface Properties of Impregnated and Varnished Scots Pine Wood After Accelerated Weathering. Coloration Technology 130(2): 140-146.
  • Cornfield JA, Hale M, Fettis G (1994) A comparison of analytical and visual techniques used for assessment of weathering properties of chromium and copper azole treated timber. In: International Research Group on Wood Preservation, Sweden, pp 1-15.
  • DIN 4768 (1990) Determination of values of surface roughness parameters Ra, Rz, Rmax using electrical contact (stylus) instruments, concepts and measuring conditions. Deutsches Institut fur Normung E.V.
  • Feist W, Hon DNS (1984) Chemistry of weathering and protection. in R. M. Rowell, ed. The chemistry of solid wood. Advances in Chemistry Series, American Chemical Society, Washington, DC. pp 401-451.
  • Grelier S, Castellan A, Kamdem DP (2000) Photoprotection of copper-amine-treated pine. Wood and Fiber Science 32 (2): 196-202.
  • Gezer ED, Yüksek T, Yıldız ÜC (2004) CCA (Bakır, Krom, Arsenik) Elementlerinin Toprakta Hareketleri. Kafkas Üniversitesi Artvin Orman Fakültesi Dergisi 5(2): 102-112.
  • Humar M, Pavlič M, Žlindra D, Tomažic M, Petrič M (2011) Performance of Waterborne Acrylic Surface Coatings on Wood Impregnated with Cu-Ethanolamine Preservatives. Bulletin of Material Science 34(1): 113-119.
  • Helsen L, Hardy A, Van Bael MK, Mullens J (2007). Tanalith E 3494 Impregnated Wood: Characterisation and Thermal Behaviour. Journal of Analytical and Applied pyrolysis, 78(1): 133-139.
  • Jin, L., Archer, K., Preston, A., 1991: Surface characteristics of wood treated with various AAC, ACQ and CCA formulations after weathering. In: International Research Group on Wood Protection Documents, 22. Annual meeting, Kyoto-JAPAN, IRG/WP/2369.
  • Kartal SN, Unamura Y (2004) Borlu bileşiklerin emprenye maddesi olarak ağaç malzeme ve kompozitlerde kullanılması. 3. Uluslararası Bor Sempozyumu, Eskişehir, pp 333-338.
  • Kartal SN, Engür MO, Köse C (2006) Emprenye Maddeleri ve Emprenye Edilmiş Ağaç Malzeme ile Ilgili Çevre Problemleri. Düzce Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi 56 (1): 17-23.
  • Lebow S, Winandy J, Bender D (2004) Treated Wood in Transition: A Look at CCA and the Candidates to Replace it, Wood Design Focus 3–8.
  • Lin LD, Chen YF, Wang SY, Tsai MJ (2009) Leachability, Metal Corrosion, and Termite Resistance of Wood Treated with Copper-Based Preservative. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation 63(4): 533–538.
  • Nejad M, Cooper P (2011) Exterior Wood Coatings. Part 1: Performances of Semitransparent Stains on Preservative-Treated Wood. Journal of Coatings Technology and Research 8(4): 449-458.
  • Okçu O (2006) Emprenye edilmiş lamine ağaç malzemenin yapışma ve yanma özellikleri. Zonguldak Karaelmas Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Zonguldak, 70 s.
  • Örs Y, Atar M, Keskin H, Yavuzcan HG (2006) Impacts of Impregnation with Imersol-Aqua on the Modulus of Elasticity in Bending. Journal of Applied Polymer Science 99(6): 3210–3217.
  • Örs Y, Keskin H (2001) Ağaç malzeme bilgisi, Nobel Akademik Yayıncılık, Ankara.
  • Özdemir T, Temiz A, Aydın İ (2015) Effect of Wood Preservatives on Surface Properties of Coated Wood. Advances in Materials Science and Engineering 2015:1–6.
  • Özgenç Ö, Yıldız ÜC (2014). Surface characteristics of wood treated with new generation preservatives after artificial weathering. Wood Research 59(4): 605-616.
  • Perçin O, Özbay G, Ordu M (2009) Farklı Tutkallarla Lamine Edilmiş Ahşap Malzemelerin Mekaniksel Özelliklerinin İncelenmesi. Dumlupınar Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi 19: 109-120.
  • Rammer DR, Zelinka SL, Line P (2006) Fastener corrosion: testing, research and design considerations. In: 9th World Conference on timber engineering. Oregon State University, pp 1-8.
  • Sivrikaya H, Saraçbaşı A (2004) Bor madeninin ahşap koruma endüstrisinde değerlendirilmesi. II, Uluslararası Bor Sempozyumu, Eskişehir, Türkiye, pp 365- 373.
  • Sivrikaya H, Can A, Tümen I, Aydemir D (2017) Weathering Performance of Wood Treated With Copper Azole and Water Repellents. Wood Research 62(3): 437-450.
  • Temiz A, Yıldız ÜC, Aydın İ, Eikenes M, Alfredsen G, Çolakoğlu G (2005) Surface Roughness and Colour Characteristics of Wood Treated With Preservatives After Accelerated Weathering Test. Applied Surface Science 250(1-4): 35-42.
  • Temiz A, Terziev N, Eikenes M, Hafren J (2007) Effected of Accelerated Weathering on Surface Chemistry of Modified Wood. Applied Surface Science 253(12): 5355-5362.
  • TS 2470 (1976) Odunda fiziksel ve mekaniksel deneyler için numune alma metotları ve genel özellikler. TSE Standard.
  • Türkoğlu T, Baysal E, Küreli İ, Toker H, Ergün, ME (2015) The Effects of Natural Weathering on Hardness and Gloss of Impregnated and Varnished Scots Pine and Oriental Beech Wood. Wood Research 60(5): 833-844.
  • Vasishth P (1996) Factors influencing the interactions and permanency of copper in wood. Mississippi State University, Phd. Thesis, USA, 139s.
  • Yalınkılıç MK, Ilhan R, Imamura Y, Takahashi M, Demirci Z, Yalınkılıç AC, Peker H., 1999: Weathering Durability of CCB-Impregnated Wood for Clear Varnish Coatings. Journal of Wood Science 45(6): 502-514.
  • Yazıcı H (2005) Açık Hava Koşullarinin Odun Dayanımına Etkisi. ZKÜ Bartın Orman Fakültesi Dergisi 7(8): 72-79.
  • Zelinka SL, Stone DN (2011) Corrosion of Metals in Wood: Comparing The Results of a Rapid Test Method with Long-Term Exposure Tests Across Six Wood Treatments. Corrosion Science 53(5): 1708–1714.
  • Zelinka SL, Rammer DR (2005) The Use of Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) to Measure the Corrosion of Metals in Contact with Wood. TMS Letters 2 (1):15-16.
  • Zhang X (2003) Photo-resistance of alkyl ammonium compound treated wood. The University of British Colombia, M.S.c. Thesis, Vancouver, Canada (in English).
  • Zhang J, Kamdem DP, Temiz A (2009). Weathering of copper–amine treated wood. Applied Surface Science 256(3): 842-846.
  • Zhong ZW, Hızıroğlu S, Chan CTM (2013) Measurement of the Surface Roughness of Wood Based Materials Used in Furniture Manufacture. Measurement, 46(4): 1482-1487.

Bakır esaslı kimyasal (Korasit KS) ile emprenye edilen ağaç malzemenin doğal yaşlandırma sonrası üst yüzey özellikleri

Yıl 2022, Cilt 23, Sayı 2, 227 - 233, 28.10.2022
https://doi.org/10.17474/artvinofd.1174997

Öz

Bu çalışmada, su bazlı ve bakır içerikli bir emprenye maddesi olan Korasit KS ile emprenye edilen Doğu kayını (Fagus Orientalis L.) odununun 3 aylık doğal yaşlandırma sonrası yüzey özellikleri incelenmiştir. Emprenye malzemesi ağaç malzemeye ASTM D 1413-07 (ASTM 2007) standardına göre %3 ve %6 konsantrasyon seviyelerinde nüfuz edilmiştir. Sonuçlara göre tüm numunelerin L* değerleri 3 aylık doğal yaşlandırmadan sonra azalmıştır. Emprenye edilen örnekler, kontrol numunelerinden daha iyi renk stabilitesi sağlamıştır. Ayrıca emprenye işleminde konsantrasyon miktarı arttıkça bu stabilitede artmıştır. Doğal yaşlandırma sonrası tüm numunelerin parlaklığı azalırken, bu azalma kontrol numunelerinde daha fazla gerçekleşmiştir. Yüzey pürüzlülüğü test sonuçlarına göre tüm numunelerin Ra, Rz ve Rq değerleri doğal yaşlandırma sonrası artmıştır. Bu artış emprenye edilen örneklerde daha fazla olmuştur.

Kaynakça

  • ASTM D358-55 (1970) Standard specification for wood to be used panels in weathering tests of paints and varnishes. ASTM, ABD.
  • ASTM-D 1413-07 (2007) Standard test method for wood preservatives by laboratory soil-block cultures. ASTM, ABD.
  • ASTM D523-14 (2018) Standard test method for specular gloss. ASTM, ABD.
  • ASTM D1536-58 (1964) Tentative method of test color difference using the color master differential colorimeter. ASTM, ABD.
  • Ayrılmış N, Korkut S, Tanrıtanır E, Winandy JE, Hızıroğlu S (2006) Effect of various fire retardants on surface roughness of plywood. Building and Environment 41(7):887-892.
  • Aydın İ, Çolakoğlu G (2003) Roughness on Wood Surfaces and Roughness Measurement Methods. Artvin Orman Fakültesi Dergisi 4 (1–2): 92–102.
  • Baysal E, Toker H, Türkoğlu T, Gündüz A, Altay Ç, Küçüktüvek M, Peker H (2021) Weathering characteristics of impregnated and coated Calabrian pine wood. Maderas. Ciencia y tecnología 23(31): 1-10.
  • Baysal E, Tomak ED, Topaloğlu E, Pesman, E (2016) Surface Properties of Bamboo and Scots Pine Impregnated with Boron and Copper Based Wood Preservatives After Accelerated Weathering. Maderas. Ciencia y tecnología 18(2): 253-264.
  • Baysal E, Tomak ED, Özbey M, Altın E (2014) Surface Properties of Impregnated and Varnished Scots Pine Wood After Accelerated Weathering. Coloration Technology 130(2): 140-146.
  • Cornfield JA, Hale M, Fettis G (1994) A comparison of analytical and visual techniques used for assessment of weathering properties of chromium and copper azole treated timber. In: International Research Group on Wood Preservation, Sweden, pp 1-15.
  • DIN 4768 (1990) Determination of values of surface roughness parameters Ra, Rz, Rmax using electrical contact (stylus) instruments, concepts and measuring conditions. Deutsches Institut fur Normung E.V.
  • Feist W, Hon DNS (1984) Chemistry of weathering and protection. in R. M. Rowell, ed. The chemistry of solid wood. Advances in Chemistry Series, American Chemical Society, Washington, DC. pp 401-451.
  • Grelier S, Castellan A, Kamdem DP (2000) Photoprotection of copper-amine-treated pine. Wood and Fiber Science 32 (2): 196-202.
  • Gezer ED, Yüksek T, Yıldız ÜC (2004) CCA (Bakır, Krom, Arsenik) Elementlerinin Toprakta Hareketleri. Kafkas Üniversitesi Artvin Orman Fakültesi Dergisi 5(2): 102-112.
  • Humar M, Pavlič M, Žlindra D, Tomažic M, Petrič M (2011) Performance of Waterborne Acrylic Surface Coatings on Wood Impregnated with Cu-Ethanolamine Preservatives. Bulletin of Material Science 34(1): 113-119.
  • Helsen L, Hardy A, Van Bael MK, Mullens J (2007). Tanalith E 3494 Impregnated Wood: Characterisation and Thermal Behaviour. Journal of Analytical and Applied pyrolysis, 78(1): 133-139.
  • Jin, L., Archer, K., Preston, A., 1991: Surface characteristics of wood treated with various AAC, ACQ and CCA formulations after weathering. In: International Research Group on Wood Protection Documents, 22. Annual meeting, Kyoto-JAPAN, IRG/WP/2369.
  • Kartal SN, Unamura Y (2004) Borlu bileşiklerin emprenye maddesi olarak ağaç malzeme ve kompozitlerde kullanılması. 3. Uluslararası Bor Sempozyumu, Eskişehir, pp 333-338.
  • Kartal SN, Engür MO, Köse C (2006) Emprenye Maddeleri ve Emprenye Edilmiş Ağaç Malzeme ile Ilgili Çevre Problemleri. Düzce Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi 56 (1): 17-23.
  • Lebow S, Winandy J, Bender D (2004) Treated Wood in Transition: A Look at CCA and the Candidates to Replace it, Wood Design Focus 3–8.
  • Lin LD, Chen YF, Wang SY, Tsai MJ (2009) Leachability, Metal Corrosion, and Termite Resistance of Wood Treated with Copper-Based Preservative. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation 63(4): 533–538.
  • Nejad M, Cooper P (2011) Exterior Wood Coatings. Part 1: Performances of Semitransparent Stains on Preservative-Treated Wood. Journal of Coatings Technology and Research 8(4): 449-458.
  • Okçu O (2006) Emprenye edilmiş lamine ağaç malzemenin yapışma ve yanma özellikleri. Zonguldak Karaelmas Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Zonguldak, 70 s.
  • Örs Y, Atar M, Keskin H, Yavuzcan HG (2006) Impacts of Impregnation with Imersol-Aqua on the Modulus of Elasticity in Bending. Journal of Applied Polymer Science 99(6): 3210–3217.
  • Örs Y, Keskin H (2001) Ağaç malzeme bilgisi, Nobel Akademik Yayıncılık, Ankara.
  • Özdemir T, Temiz A, Aydın İ (2015) Effect of Wood Preservatives on Surface Properties of Coated Wood. Advances in Materials Science and Engineering 2015:1–6.
  • Özgenç Ö, Yıldız ÜC (2014). Surface characteristics of wood treated with new generation preservatives after artificial weathering. Wood Research 59(4): 605-616.
  • Perçin O, Özbay G, Ordu M (2009) Farklı Tutkallarla Lamine Edilmiş Ahşap Malzemelerin Mekaniksel Özelliklerinin İncelenmesi. Dumlupınar Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi 19: 109-120.
  • Rammer DR, Zelinka SL, Line P (2006) Fastener corrosion: testing, research and design considerations. In: 9th World Conference on timber engineering. Oregon State University, pp 1-8.
  • Sivrikaya H, Saraçbaşı A (2004) Bor madeninin ahşap koruma endüstrisinde değerlendirilmesi. II, Uluslararası Bor Sempozyumu, Eskişehir, Türkiye, pp 365- 373.
  • Sivrikaya H, Can A, Tümen I, Aydemir D (2017) Weathering Performance of Wood Treated With Copper Azole and Water Repellents. Wood Research 62(3): 437-450.
  • Temiz A, Yıldız ÜC, Aydın İ, Eikenes M, Alfredsen G, Çolakoğlu G (2005) Surface Roughness and Colour Characteristics of Wood Treated With Preservatives After Accelerated Weathering Test. Applied Surface Science 250(1-4): 35-42.
  • Temiz A, Terziev N, Eikenes M, Hafren J (2007) Effected of Accelerated Weathering on Surface Chemistry of Modified Wood. Applied Surface Science 253(12): 5355-5362.
  • TS 2470 (1976) Odunda fiziksel ve mekaniksel deneyler için numune alma metotları ve genel özellikler. TSE Standard.
  • Türkoğlu T, Baysal E, Küreli İ, Toker H, Ergün, ME (2015) The Effects of Natural Weathering on Hardness and Gloss of Impregnated and Varnished Scots Pine and Oriental Beech Wood. Wood Research 60(5): 833-844.
  • Vasishth P (1996) Factors influencing the interactions and permanency of copper in wood. Mississippi State University, Phd. Thesis, USA, 139s.
  • Yalınkılıç MK, Ilhan R, Imamura Y, Takahashi M, Demirci Z, Yalınkılıç AC, Peker H., 1999: Weathering Durability of CCB-Impregnated Wood for Clear Varnish Coatings. Journal of Wood Science 45(6): 502-514.
  • Yazıcı H (2005) Açık Hava Koşullarinin Odun Dayanımına Etkisi. ZKÜ Bartın Orman Fakültesi Dergisi 7(8): 72-79.
  • Zelinka SL, Stone DN (2011) Corrosion of Metals in Wood: Comparing The Results of a Rapid Test Method with Long-Term Exposure Tests Across Six Wood Treatments. Corrosion Science 53(5): 1708–1714.
  • Zelinka SL, Rammer DR (2005) The Use of Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) to Measure the Corrosion of Metals in Contact with Wood. TMS Letters 2 (1):15-16.
  • Zhang X (2003) Photo-resistance of alkyl ammonium compound treated wood. The University of British Colombia, M.S.c. Thesis, Vancouver, Canada (in English).
  • Zhang J, Kamdem DP, Temiz A (2009). Weathering of copper–amine treated wood. Applied Surface Science 256(3): 842-846.
  • Zhong ZW, Hızıroğlu S, Chan CTM (2013) Measurement of the Surface Roughness of Wood Based Materials Used in Furniture Manufacture. Measurement, 46(4): 1482-1487.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Orman Mühendisliği
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Çağlar ALTAY> (Sorumlu Yazar)
AYDIN ADNAN MENDERES ÜNİVERSİTESİ, AYDIN MESLEK YÜKSEKOKULU
0000-0003-1286-8600
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 28 Ekim 2022
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 23, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { artvinofd1174997, journal = {Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi}, issn = {2146-1880}, eissn = {2146-698X}, address = {}, publisher = {Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi}, year = {2022}, volume = {23}, number = {2}, pages = {227 - 233}, doi = {10.17474/artvinofd.1174997}, title = {Surface properties of wood material impregnated with copper-based chemical (Korasit KS) after natural weathering}, key = {cite}, author = {Altay, Çağlar} }
APA Altay, Ç. (2022). Surface properties of wood material impregnated with copper-based chemical (Korasit KS) after natural weathering . Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi , 23 (2) , 227-233 . DOI: 10.17474/artvinofd.1174997
MLA Altay, Ç. "Surface properties of wood material impregnated with copper-based chemical (Korasit KS) after natural weathering" . Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi 23 (2022 ): 227-233 <http://ofd.artvin.edu.tr/tr/pub/issue/73139/1174997>
Chicago Altay, Ç. "Surface properties of wood material impregnated with copper-based chemical (Korasit KS) after natural weathering". Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi 23 (2022 ): 227-233
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Bakır esaslı kimyasal (Korasit KS) ile emprenye edilen ağaç malzemenin doğal yaşlandırma sonrası üst yüzey özellikleri AU - ÇağlarAltay Y1 - 2022 PY - 2022 N1 - doi: 10.17474/artvinofd.1174997 DO - 10.17474/artvinofd.1174997 T2 - Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 227 EP - 233 VL - 23 IS - 2 SN - 2146-1880-2146-698X M3 - doi: 10.17474/artvinofd.1174997 UR - https://doi.org/10.17474/artvinofd.1174997 Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi Surface properties of wood material impregnated with copper-based chemical (Korasit KS) after natural weathering %A Çağlar Altay %T Surface properties of wood material impregnated with copper-based chemical (Korasit KS) after natural weathering %D 2022 %J Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi %P 2146-1880-2146-698X %V 23 %N 2 %R doi: 10.17474/artvinofd.1174997 %U 10.17474/artvinofd.1174997
ISNAD Altay, Çağlar . "Surface properties of wood material impregnated with copper-based chemical (Korasit KS) after natural weathering". Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi 23 / 2 (Ekim 2022): 227-233 . https://doi.org/10.17474/artvinofd.1174997
AMA Altay Ç. Surface properties of wood material impregnated with copper-based chemical (Korasit KS) after natural weathering. AÇÜOFD. 2022; 23(2): 227-233.
Vancouver Altay Ç. Surface properties of wood material impregnated with copper-based chemical (Korasit KS) after natural weathering. Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi. 2022; 23(2): 227-233.
IEEE Ç. Altay , "Surface properties of wood material impregnated with copper-based chemical (Korasit KS) after natural weathering", Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi, c. 23, sayı. 2, ss. 227-233, Eki. 2022, doi:10.17474/artvinofd.1174997
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