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Effect of Dwarf Elderberry (Sambucus ebulus L.) fruit extract on drought tolerance in maize seedlings

Year 2023, Volume: 24 Issue: 2, 98 - 107, 15.10.2023
https://doi.org/10.17474/artvinofd.1291560

Abstract

Sambucus ebulus L. (SE) fruit extract, which is widely used for therapeutic purposes in traditional medicine for human health, has an important antioxidant value. Recent studies on experimental animals to reveal the role of the aqueous extract of SE fruit (FAE) on human health, it is shown how SE FAE plays a role in response to various stresses occurring in humans. However, no studies have been found in the literature on the role of SE FAE on the abiotic stress response in plants. In this study, it was evaluated whether SE FAE has an effective role in alleviating stress damage under drought stress. Firstly, maize seedlings were exposed to three different concentrations of SE FAE (1, 2 and 4 mg/mL) for 24 h and then 10% polyethylene glycol 6000 (PEG 6000) for drought. Under drought conditions, relative water content (RWC), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), pigment content and gas exchange parameters (net photosynthesis rate (PN), transpiration (E) and stomatal conductivity (gs)) significantly decreased while lipid peroxidation (TBARS) and proline (Pro) levels significantly increased in maize seedlings. However, it was observed that all SE FAE applications significantly increased RWC, Pro, pigment contents and PN, E and gs, significantly declined the TBARS and H2O2 levels under drought conditions. Another important result, 2 mg/mL of SE FAE application concentrations was determined to be the most effective concentration in increasing RWC, Pro, pigment and gas exchange levels, and reducing TBARS and H2O2 levels. According to findings, exogenous application of all SE FAE can alleviate oxidative damage (TBARS, H2O2), maintain water status, improve gas exchange, and chlorophyll synthesis in maize seedlings at different levels. As a result, it was determined that SE MSE applications had a positive effect on drought tolerance in plants.

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Bodur Mürver (Sambucus ebulus L.) meyve ekstraktının mısır fidelerindeki kuraklık toleransına etkisi

Year 2023, Volume: 24 Issue: 2, 98 - 107, 15.10.2023
https://doi.org/10.17474/artvinofd.1291560

Abstract

Geleneksel tıpta insan sağlığı açısından tedavi amaçlı yaygın olarak kullanılan Sambucus ebulus L. (SE) meyve ekstraktı önemli bir antioksidan değere sahiptir. SE meyve sulu ekstraktının (MSE) insan sağlığı üzerindeki rolünü ortaya koymada deney hayvanlarıyla ilgili yapılan son çalışmalar, insanlarda meydana gelen çeşitli streslere karşı SE MSE’nin nasıl bir rol oynadığını göstermektedir. Bununla birlikte, bitkilerdeki abiyotik stres cevabı üzerine SE MSE’nin nasıl bir rol oynadığıyla ilgili literatürde herhangi bir çalışmaya rastlanmamıştır. Bu çalışmada, kuraklık stresi altında SE MSE’nin stres hasarını hafifletmede etkili bir rolünün olup olmadığı değerlendirilmiştir. İlk olarak mısır fideleri 24 saat boyunca üç farklı SE MSE (1, 2 ve 4 mg/mL) konsantrasyonuna ve daha sonra kuraklık için %10’luk polietilen glikol 6000 (PEG 6000)’e maruz bırakıldı. Kuraklık koşullarında, mısır fidelerinde nispi su içeriği (NSİ), hidrojen peroksit (H2O2) ve pigment içeriği ile gaz değişim parametrelerinde (net fotosentez hızı (PN), terleme (E) ve stoma iletkenliği (gs)) önemli ölçüde azalırken, lipid peroksidasyonu (TBARS) ve prolin (Pro) seviyeleri önemli ölçüde artmıştır. Bununla birlikte, kuraklık koşullarında tüm SE MSE uygulamalarının, NSİ, Pro, pigment içerikleri ile PN, E ve gs'yi önemli ölçüde arttırdığı, TBARS ve H2O2 seviyelerini ise belirgin şekilde azalttığı görüldü. Diğer önemli bir sonuç, SE MSE uygulama konsantrasyonlarından 2 mg/mL’nin NSİ, Pro, pigment ve gaz değişim seviyelerini arttırmada, TBARS ve H2O2 seviyelerini ise azaltmada en etkili konsantrasyon olduğu belirlendi. Elde edilen bulgulara göre, mısır fidelerine dıştan uygulanan tüm SE MSE konsantrasyonları farklı düzeylerde oksidatif hasarı (TBARS ve H2O2) azaltabilir, su durumunu koruyabilir, gaz değişimini ve klorofil sentezini iyileştirebilir. Sonuç olarak, bitkilerde SE MSE uygulamalarının kuraklık toleransı üzerinde olumlu bir etkisi olduğu belirlendi.

References

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  • Altuntaş C, Sezgin A, Demiralay M, Terzi R, Sağlam A, Kadıoğlu A (2019) Application of sucrose modulates the expressions of genes involved in proline and polyamine metabolism in maize seedlings exposed to drought. Biologia Plantarum, 63:247-252.
  • Anjum SA, Wang L, Farooq M, Xue L, Ali S (2011a) Fulvic acid application improves the maize performance under well-watered and drought conditions. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science, 197: 409-417.
  • Anjum SA, Farooq M, Wang LC, Xue LL, Wang SG, Wang L, Zhang S, Chen M (2011b) Gas exchange and chlorophyll synthesis of maize cultivars are enhanced by exogenously-applied glycin betaine under drought conditions. Plant, Soil and Environment, 57:326-331.
  • Anjum SA, Wang LC, Farooq M, Hussain M, Xue LL, Zou CM (2011c) Brassinolide application improves the drought tolerance in maize through modulation of enzymatic antioxidants and leaf gas exchange. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science, 197:177-185.
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  • Asada K (1999) The water-water cycle in chloroplasts: scavenging of active oxygens and dissipation of excess photons. Annual Review of Plant Biology, 50:601-639.
  • Ashraf M, Iram A (2005) Drought stress induced changes in some organic substances in nodules and other plant parts of two potential legumes diffeing in salt tolerance. Flora-Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants, 200: 535-546.
  • Baltacıer G, Donat S. Okan A (2023) The effects of exogenous salicylic acid and strigolactone applications on seedling growth and antioxidant activity in tomato seedlings under short-term drought stress. Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology, 13: 89-101.
  • Barrs HD, Weatherley PE (1962) A re-examination of the relative turgidity technique for estimating water deficits in leaves. Australian Journal of Biological Sciences, 15:413-428.
  • Benjamin JG, Nielsen DC (2006) Water deficit effects on root distribution of soybean, field pea and chickpea. Field Crops Research, 97: 248-253.
  • Bijanzadeh E, Naderi R, Egan TP (2019) Exogenous application of humic acid and salicylic acid to alleviate seedling drought stress in two corn (Zea mays L.) hybrids. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 42:1483-1495.
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  • Bubulica MV, Chirigiu L, Popescu M, Simionescu A, Anoaica G (2012) Popescu, A. analysis of sterol compounds from Sambucus ebulus. Chemistry of Natural Compounds, 48: 520-521.
  • Carillo P, Mastrolonardo G, Nacca F, Parisi D, Verlotta A, Fuggi A (2008) Nitrogen metabolism in durum wheat under salinity: accumulation of proline and glycine betaine. Functional Plant Biology, 35: 412-426.
  • Chirigiu L, Chirigiu RG, Tircomnicu V, Bubulica MV (2011) GC-MS analysis of chemical composition of Sambucus ebulus leaves. Chemistry of Natural Compounds, 47:126-127.
  • Cüce M, Sezgin MA (2022) Sodium nitroprusside mediates attenuation of paraquat-mediated oxidative stress in Eruca sativa in vitro. Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants, 28:289-299.
  • Damghan IR (2009) Exogenous application of brassinosteroid alleviates drought-induced oxidative stress in Lycopersicon esculentum L. General and Applied Plant Physiology, 35:22-34.
  • Dawood MFA, Abeed AHA, Aldaby EES (2019) Titanium dioxide nanoparticles model growth kinetic traits of some wheat cultivars under different water regimes. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology, 24:129-140.
  • Demiralay M (2021) Yerel (Artvin-Şavşat) ve tescilli domates çeşitlerinde kuraklık stresine karşı tolerans seviyelerinin araştırılması. Bitlis Eren Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, 10:1474-1485.
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  • Ebrahimzadeh MA, Pourmorad F, Bekhradnia AR (2008). Iron chelating activity, phenol and flavonoid content of some medicinal plants from Iran. African Journal of Biotechnology, 7:3188-3192.
  • Ebrahimzadeh MA, Nabavi SF, Nabavi SM, Pourmorad F (2010) Nitric oxide radical scavenging potential of some Elburz medicinal plants. African Journal of Biotechnology, 9: 5212-5217.
  • Farooq M, Wahid A, Kobayashi N, Fujita D, Basra SMA (2009) Plant drought stress: effects, mechanisms and management. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 29:185-212.
  • Fathi H, Ebrahimzadeh MA, Ziar A, Mohammadi H (2015) Oxidative damage induced by retching; antiemetic and neuroprotective role of Sambucus ebulus L. Cell Biology and Toxicology, 31: 231-239.
  • Heath R, Packer L (1968) Photoperoxidation in isolated chloroplasts: I. Kinetics and stoichiometry of fatty acid peroxidation. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, 125.
  • Howladar Saad M (2014) A novel Moringa oleifera leaf extract can mitigate the stress effects of salinity and cadmium in bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) plants. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 100: 69-75.
  • Kadioglu A, Saruhan N, Sağlam A, Terzi R, Acet T (2011) Exogenous salicylic acid alleviates effects of long term drought stress and delays leaf rolling by inducing antioxidant system. Plant Growth Regulation, 64:27-37.
  • Kashiwagi J, Krishnamurthy L, Crouch JH, Serraj R (2006) Variability of root length density and its contributions to seed yield in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) under terminal drought stress. Field Crops Research, 95:171-181.
  • Kaur G, Asthir B (2015) Proline: a key player in plant abiotic stress tolerance. Biologia plantarum, 59: 609-619.
  • Khanna-Chopra R, Selote DS (2007) Acclimaton to drought stress generates oxidative stress tolerance in drought-resistant than-susceptible wheat cultivar under field conditions. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 60: 276-283.
  • Kültür Ş (2007) Medicinal plants used in Kırklareli Province (Turkey). Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 111:341-364.
  • Lawlor DW (1995) The effects of water deficit on photosynthesis in environment and plant metabolism. In: Smirnoff, N., Ed., Bioss Scientific Publishers, Oxford, 129-160.
  • Li J, Zeng L, Cheng Y, Lu G, Fu G, Ma H, Liu Q, Zhang X, Zou X, Li C (2018) Exogenous melatonin alleviates damage from drought stress in Brassica napus L. (rapeseed) seedlings. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum, 40:1-11.
  • Lichtenthaler HK, Wellburn AR (1983) Determinations of total carotenoids and chlorophylls a and b of leaf extracts in different solvents. Biochemical Society Transactions, 11:591-592.
  • Mahajan S, Tuteja N (2005) Cold, salinity and drought stress: an overview. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, 444: 139-158.
  • Marc EB, Nelly A, Annick DD, Frederic D (2008) Plants used as remedies antirheumatic and antineuralgic in the traditional medicine of Lebanon. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 120: 315-334.
  • Martínez JP, Silva HFLJ, Ledent JF, Pinto M (2007) Effect of drought stress on the osmotic adjustment, cell wall elasticity and cell volume of six cultivars of common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). European Journal of Agronomy, 26: 30-38.
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Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Structural Biology
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Cansu ALTUNTAŞ 0000-0002-1363-6142

Publication Date October 15, 2023
Acceptance Date August 20, 2023
Published in Issue Year 2023Volume: 24 Issue: 2

Cite

APA ALTUNTAŞ, C. (2023). Bodur Mürver (Sambucus ebulus L.) meyve ekstraktının mısır fidelerindeki kuraklık toleransına etkisi. Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi, 24(2), 98-107. https://doi.org/10.17474/artvinofd.1291560
AMA ALTUNTAŞ C. Bodur Mürver (Sambucus ebulus L.) meyve ekstraktının mısır fidelerindeki kuraklık toleransına etkisi. ACUJFF. October 2023;24(2):98-107. doi:10.17474/artvinofd.1291560
Chicago ALTUNTAŞ, Cansu. “Bodur Mürver (Sambucus Ebulus L.) Meyve ekstraktının mısır Fidelerindeki kuraklık toleransına Etkisi”. Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi 24, no. 2 (October 2023): 98-107. https://doi.org/10.17474/artvinofd.1291560.
EndNote ALTUNTAŞ C (October 1, 2023) Bodur Mürver (Sambucus ebulus L.) meyve ekstraktının mısır fidelerindeki kuraklık toleransına etkisi. Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi 24 2 98–107.
IEEE C. ALTUNTAŞ, “Bodur Mürver (Sambucus ebulus L.) meyve ekstraktının mısır fidelerindeki kuraklık toleransına etkisi”, ACUJFF, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 98–107, 2023, doi: 10.17474/artvinofd.1291560.
ISNAD ALTUNTAŞ, Cansu. “Bodur Mürver (Sambucus Ebulus L.) Meyve ekstraktının mısır Fidelerindeki kuraklık toleransına Etkisi”. Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi 24/2 (October 2023), 98-107. https://doi.org/10.17474/artvinofd.1291560.
JAMA ALTUNTAŞ C. Bodur Mürver (Sambucus ebulus L.) meyve ekstraktının mısır fidelerindeki kuraklık toleransına etkisi. ACUJFF. 2023;24:98–107.
MLA ALTUNTAŞ, Cansu. “Bodur Mürver (Sambucus Ebulus L.) Meyve ekstraktının mısır Fidelerindeki kuraklık toleransına Etkisi”. Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi, vol. 24, no. 2, 2023, pp. 98-107, doi:10.17474/artvinofd.1291560.
Vancouver ALTUNTAŞ C. Bodur Mürver (Sambucus ebulus L.) meyve ekstraktının mısır fidelerindeki kuraklık toleransına etkisi. ACUJFF. 2023;24(2):98-107.
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