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Isolation, identification and occurrence of Plectosphaerella cucumerina (Lindf.) W. Gams, 1968 on sugar beets cultivation areas in Türkiye

Year 2024, Volume: 25 Issue: 1, 67 - 71, 15.05.2024
https://doi.org/10.17474/artvinofd.1355699

Abstract

As a result of the research conducted on the detection of severe root rot and drying in sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) fields in the Konya region of Türkiye in 2015-2017, a fungus named Plectosphaerella cucumerina was detected together with many different root pathogens. This fungus, which is known to occur in many hosts and on different substrates, is a new record for Türkiye. There are not many studies on this fungus, which was found to be low virulent in our study, neither in the world nor in our country. However, according to the limited number of studies, it has been found that there are pathogen strains of the pathogen that infect sugar beet in the Netherlands. Furthermore, it is a necrotrophic fungus that is used as a potential biological control agent against potato cyst nematodes, so it is considered a fungus that should be studied for this reason. We define this contribution as a new record for Türkiye mycobiota from P. cucumerina sugar beet seedlings

References

  • Abad P, Pérez A, Marqués MC, Vicente MJ, Bruton BD, García-Jiménez J (2000) Assessment of vegetative compatibility of Acremonium cucurbitacearum and Plectosphaerella cucumerina isolates from diseased melon plants. Bull OEPP, 30:199-204.
  • Atkins SD, Clark IM, Sosnowska D, Hirsch PR, Kerry BR (2003) Detection and quantification of Plectosphaerella cucumerina, a potential biological control agent of potato cyst nematodes, by using conventional PCR, real-time PCR, selective media, and baiting. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 69: 4788-4793.
  • Brantner JR, Windels CE (1998) Variability in sensitivity to metalaxyl in vitro, pathogenicity, and control of Pythium spp. on sugar beet. Plant Disease, 82(8): 896–899.
  • Carlucci A, Raimondo ML, Santos J, Phillips AJ (2012) Plectosphaerella species associated with root and collar rots of horticultural crops in southern Italy. Persoonia, 28: 34–48.
  • Demirel R, İlhan S, Asan A, Kınacı E and Öner S (2005) Microfungi in cultivated fields in Eskişehir Provice (Turkey). J. Basic Microbiol., 45(4): 279-293.
  • Domsch KHİ Gams W (1972) Fungi from Agricultural Soils. Longman, London, United Kingdom. 290 pp.
  • FAO (2023) http://www.fao.org/faostat. Erişim tarihi: 21.09.2023. Gilgado F, Cano J, Gené J, Guarro J (2005) Molecular phylogeny of the Pseudallescheria boydi (i species complex: proposal of two new species. J Clin Microbiol., 43: 4930–4942.
  • Hanson GC, Hammer LB, Colton CL (2006) Development and validation of a multidimensional scale of perceived work-family positive spillover. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 11(3):249-265.
  • Klebahn H (1929) Vergilbende junge Treibgurken, ein darauf gefundenes Cephalosporium und dessen Schlauchfriichte. Phytopathol. Z., 1:31-44.
  • Lee SB, Taylor JW (1990) Isolation of DNA from fungal mycelia and single spores. Pages 282-287 in: PCR protocols: A Guide to Methods and Applications. M. A. Innis, D. H. Gelfand, J. J. Sninsky, and T. J. White, eds. Academic Press, New York.
  • Lindfors T (1919) En ny gurksjukdom forosakad av Venturia cucumerina n. sp. Meddelande fran Centralanstalten for Forsoksvasendet pa jordbruksomradet, 193:3-10.
  • Palm ME, Gams W, Nirenberg HI (1995) Plectosporium, a new genus for Fusarium tabacinum, the anamorph of Plectosphaerella cucumerina. Mycologia, 87: 397–406.
  • Townsend GK, Heuberger JW (1943) Methods for estimating losses caused by diseases in fungicide experiments. Plant Disease Report, 27:340-343.
  • Trebbi D, McGrath JM (2004) Fluorometric sucrose evaluation for sugar beet. J. Agric. Food Chem., 52: 6862-6867.
  • TÜİK (2023) https://tuikweb.tuik.gov.tr/PreTablo.do?alt_id=1001. Erişim Tarihi: 21.09. 2023.
  • van der Spek J (1972) Verwelkingsziekte van zaadbieten. Jversl. Inst. plantenziektenk. Onderz. Wageningen, The Netherlands. P. 41.
  • White TJ, Bruns TD, Lee S, Taylor JW (1990) Amplification and direct sequencing of fungal ribosomal RNA genes for phylogenetics. In: Innis MA, Gelfand DH, Sninsky J, White TJ (eds), PCR Protocols: a Guide to Methods and Applications. Academic Press, San Diego, 315–322 pp.
  • van Beyma Thoe Kingma FH (1933) Beschreibung einiger neuer Pilzarten aus de~ n Centraalbureau voor Schimmelcultures Baarn (Holland). Zentr. Bakteriol. Parasitenk. Abt, 11(88):132-141.
  • Zazzerini A, Tosi L (1987) New sunflower disease caused by Fusarium tabacinum. Plant Disease, 71:1043–1044.

Türkiye'de şeker pancarı ekim alanlarında Plectosphaerella cucumerina (Lindf.) W. Gams, 1968'nın izolasyonu, tanımlanması ve bulunuşu

Year 2024, Volume: 25 Issue: 1, 67 - 71, 15.05.2024
https://doi.org/10.17474/artvinofd.1355699

Abstract

2015-2017 yıllarında Türkiye'nin Konya Bölgesi’nde şeker pancarı (Beta vulgaris L.) tarlalarında şiddetli kök çürüklüğü ve kurumasının tespiti üzerine yapılan araştırma sonucunda birçok farklı kök patojeni ile birlikte Plectosphaerella cucumerina Lindf.) W. Gams, 1968 isimli bir fungus tespit edilmiştir. Birçok konukçuda ve farklı substratlarda bulunduğu bilinen fungus, Türkiye için yeni bir kayıt oluşturmuştur. Çalışmamızda düşük virülensli olarak bulunan bu fungus üzerinde de, dünyada da çok çalışma yapılmamıştır. Fakat yapılan sayılı çalışmalara göre Hollanda'da şeker pancarını enfekte eden patojen suşların olduğu tespit edilmiştir. Bunun dışında patates kist nematodlarına karşı potansiyel biyolojik mücadele ajanı olarak kullanılan nekrotrofik bir fungustur. Bu nedenle de üzerinde çalışılması gereken bir fungus olduğu düşünülmektedir. Bu makale tarafımızca P. cucumerina şeker pancarı fidelerinden elde edilen Türkiye mikobiyotası için yeni bir kayıt olarak tanımlanmaktadır.

Thanks

The authors would like to thank Prof. Dr. Harun Bayraktar and Asst. Prof. Gülsüm Palacıoğlu, who supported the molecular diagnostic studies of the isolates.

References

  • Abad P, Pérez A, Marqués MC, Vicente MJ, Bruton BD, García-Jiménez J (2000) Assessment of vegetative compatibility of Acremonium cucurbitacearum and Plectosphaerella cucumerina isolates from diseased melon plants. Bull OEPP, 30:199-204.
  • Atkins SD, Clark IM, Sosnowska D, Hirsch PR, Kerry BR (2003) Detection and quantification of Plectosphaerella cucumerina, a potential biological control agent of potato cyst nematodes, by using conventional PCR, real-time PCR, selective media, and baiting. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 69: 4788-4793.
  • Brantner JR, Windels CE (1998) Variability in sensitivity to metalaxyl in vitro, pathogenicity, and control of Pythium spp. on sugar beet. Plant Disease, 82(8): 896–899.
  • Carlucci A, Raimondo ML, Santos J, Phillips AJ (2012) Plectosphaerella species associated with root and collar rots of horticultural crops in southern Italy. Persoonia, 28: 34–48.
  • Demirel R, İlhan S, Asan A, Kınacı E and Öner S (2005) Microfungi in cultivated fields in Eskişehir Provice (Turkey). J. Basic Microbiol., 45(4): 279-293.
  • Domsch KHİ Gams W (1972) Fungi from Agricultural Soils. Longman, London, United Kingdom. 290 pp.
  • FAO (2023) http://www.fao.org/faostat. Erişim tarihi: 21.09.2023. Gilgado F, Cano J, Gené J, Guarro J (2005) Molecular phylogeny of the Pseudallescheria boydi (i species complex: proposal of two new species. J Clin Microbiol., 43: 4930–4942.
  • Hanson GC, Hammer LB, Colton CL (2006) Development and validation of a multidimensional scale of perceived work-family positive spillover. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 11(3):249-265.
  • Klebahn H (1929) Vergilbende junge Treibgurken, ein darauf gefundenes Cephalosporium und dessen Schlauchfriichte. Phytopathol. Z., 1:31-44.
  • Lee SB, Taylor JW (1990) Isolation of DNA from fungal mycelia and single spores. Pages 282-287 in: PCR protocols: A Guide to Methods and Applications. M. A. Innis, D. H. Gelfand, J. J. Sninsky, and T. J. White, eds. Academic Press, New York.
  • Lindfors T (1919) En ny gurksjukdom forosakad av Venturia cucumerina n. sp. Meddelande fran Centralanstalten for Forsoksvasendet pa jordbruksomradet, 193:3-10.
  • Palm ME, Gams W, Nirenberg HI (1995) Plectosporium, a new genus for Fusarium tabacinum, the anamorph of Plectosphaerella cucumerina. Mycologia, 87: 397–406.
  • Townsend GK, Heuberger JW (1943) Methods for estimating losses caused by diseases in fungicide experiments. Plant Disease Report, 27:340-343.
  • Trebbi D, McGrath JM (2004) Fluorometric sucrose evaluation for sugar beet. J. Agric. Food Chem., 52: 6862-6867.
  • TÜİK (2023) https://tuikweb.tuik.gov.tr/PreTablo.do?alt_id=1001. Erişim Tarihi: 21.09. 2023.
  • van der Spek J (1972) Verwelkingsziekte van zaadbieten. Jversl. Inst. plantenziektenk. Onderz. Wageningen, The Netherlands. P. 41.
  • White TJ, Bruns TD, Lee S, Taylor JW (1990) Amplification and direct sequencing of fungal ribosomal RNA genes for phylogenetics. In: Innis MA, Gelfand DH, Sninsky J, White TJ (eds), PCR Protocols: a Guide to Methods and Applications. Academic Press, San Diego, 315–322 pp.
  • van Beyma Thoe Kingma FH (1933) Beschreibung einiger neuer Pilzarten aus de~ n Centraalbureau voor Schimmelcultures Baarn (Holland). Zentr. Bakteriol. Parasitenk. Abt, 11(88):132-141.
  • Zazzerini A, Tosi L (1987) New sunflower disease caused by Fusarium tabacinum. Plant Disease, 71:1043–1044.
There are 19 citations in total.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Phytopathology
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Meltem Avan 0000-0002-2939-8177

Rıza Kaya 0000-0001-8288-8821

Publication Date May 15, 2024
Acceptance Date February 2, 2024
Published in Issue Year 2024Volume: 25 Issue: 1

Cite

APA Avan, M., & Kaya, R. (2024). Isolation, identification and occurrence of Plectosphaerella cucumerina (Lindf.) W. Gams, 1968 on sugar beets cultivation areas in Türkiye. Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi, 25(1), 67-71. https://doi.org/10.17474/artvinofd.1355699
AMA Avan M, Kaya R. Isolation, identification and occurrence of Plectosphaerella cucumerina (Lindf.) W. Gams, 1968 on sugar beets cultivation areas in Türkiye. ACUJFF. May 2024;25(1):67-71. doi:10.17474/artvinofd.1355699
Chicago Avan, Meltem, and Rıza Kaya. “Isolation, Identification and Occurrence of Plectosphaerella Cucumerina (Lindf.) W. Gams, 1968 on Sugar Beets Cultivation Areas in Türkiye”. Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi 25, no. 1 (May 2024): 67-71. https://doi.org/10.17474/artvinofd.1355699.
EndNote Avan M, Kaya R (May 1, 2024) Isolation, identification and occurrence of Plectosphaerella cucumerina (Lindf.) W. Gams, 1968 on sugar beets cultivation areas in Türkiye. Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi 25 1 67–71.
IEEE M. Avan and R. Kaya, “Isolation, identification and occurrence of Plectosphaerella cucumerina (Lindf.) W. Gams, 1968 on sugar beets cultivation areas in Türkiye”, ACUJFF, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 67–71, 2024, doi: 10.17474/artvinofd.1355699.
ISNAD Avan, Meltem - Kaya, Rıza. “Isolation, Identification and Occurrence of Plectosphaerella Cucumerina (Lindf.) W. Gams, 1968 on Sugar Beets Cultivation Areas in Türkiye”. Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi 25/1 (May 2024), 67-71. https://doi.org/10.17474/artvinofd.1355699.
JAMA Avan M, Kaya R. Isolation, identification and occurrence of Plectosphaerella cucumerina (Lindf.) W. Gams, 1968 on sugar beets cultivation areas in Türkiye. ACUJFF. 2024;25:67–71.
MLA Avan, Meltem and Rıza Kaya. “Isolation, Identification and Occurrence of Plectosphaerella Cucumerina (Lindf.) W. Gams, 1968 on Sugar Beets Cultivation Areas in Türkiye”. Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi, vol. 25, no. 1, 2024, pp. 67-71, doi:10.17474/artvinofd.1355699.
Vancouver Avan M, Kaya R. Isolation, identification and occurrence of Plectosphaerella cucumerina (Lindf.) W. Gams, 1968 on sugar beets cultivation areas in Türkiye. ACUJFF. 2024;25(1):67-71.
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